Home Project Search Objects Places Persons & Deities  

Search in Objects

(submit with enter)


Pap. Berlin P. 23654

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_100396.tei.xml



Collection Berlin, Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, SPK (P)
Inventory Number Pap. Berlin P. 23654
Current Location magazine
Publication Permission Status permission for publication assigned

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Elephantine (Ꜣbw; Yb; YbꜢ; YbꜤ; Ἐλεφαντίνη, יב , ⲉⲓⲏⲃ) [Trismegistos]
Certainty: high
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery archaeological excavation
Certainty: high
Finder (= First Purchaser) Rubensohn, Otto / Zucker, Friedrich (excavation directors)
Certainty: high
Location of Find / Purchase in Egypt Elephantine
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Acquisition for the Intitution partage
Date of Acquisition for the Intitution between 1906 and 1908
Transferor (Seller, Previous Owner) (not relevant)
Certainty: high


Object Type papyrus
Color papyrus, dark
Size (Height | Width | Thickness) 104 mm | 47 mm | mm
Range of Preservation incomplete
State of Preservation The upper lower and the left parts are broken off in undetermined extent.
Mounting framed under glass
Comments on Object Palimpsest. On recto and verso traces of an anterior text.

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object recto
Script-Fiber-Relation (for Payri) parallel (recto)
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
Range of Preservation (Text) incomplete
State of Preservation (Text) Upper part and all line endings broken off in undetermined extent.
Script, Primary Middle Demotic
Language, Primary Ptolemaic Demotic
Comments on Handwriting "Auffallend große und relativ deutliche mitteldemotische Geschäftsschrift." (According to K.-T. Zauzich, in: VOHD XIX,2)
Comments on Text Layout Wide line pitch. With medium and equal right margin.
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines x+7+y 0
Quantity of Columns 1 0
Line Lenght (in mm) 35 0
Column Height (in mm) 90 0
Height of Line / Letter
Line Distance 35+y x x+90 0


Text Content

Modern Title letter mentioning natron possibly in the context of selling or trade
Ancient Archives unclear
Ancient Scribe(s) of Text
Text Types
  • documentary | letter | horizontal format
Summary of Content Fragment of a letter mentioning natron and Syrians, maybe in a context of trade or selling
Location of Composition Elephantine Upper Egypt, 1st nome Egypt (Certainty: high)
Multilingualism Monolingual Script = Language
Gender Man
Religion Polytheism (Egyptian)



Transcription Translation Pictures
x+1 sꜣ Ns-mtr
x+2 ı͗r n=k H̱nm-
x+3 tꜣ
x+4 ḥsmn
x+5 Ns-nb-ꜥnḫ
x+6 nꜣ ẖr.w
x+7 sẖ ḥsb.t 3.t
x+1 son of Espmetis, [///]
x+2 to do for you, Chnoum-[///]
x+3 the ..?.. [///]
x+4 natron [///]
x+5 Snebonychos .?. [///]
x+6 the Syrians .?. [///]
x+7 Written (in) the 3rd regnal year .?. [///]
Reserved Copyright
Reserved Copyright
Places (read out from edition)


People mentioned in Text

ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
10955 man Chnoum-[///] (P. 23654) Hnm-[///] pre-Coptic Egyptian



RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
Ptolemaic dynasty 03(?) -332 BCE -30 BCE Dating by palaeography;



Reserved Copyright
Reserved Copyright




DatasetID 100396
last Change 29.07.2022
Trismegistos 46639
Author Jan Moje
Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
Data set citation Data set 100396 (= Pap. Berlin P. 23654), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: Jan Moje.