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Pap. Berlin P. 23689

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_100402.tei.xml



Collection Berlin, Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, SPK (P)
Inventory Number Pap. Berlin P. 23689
Current Location magazine
Publication Permission Status permission for publication assigned

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Elephantine (Ꜣbw; Yb; YbꜢ; YbꜤ; Ἐλεφαντίνη, יב , ⲉⲓⲏⲃ) [Trismegistos]
Certainty: high
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery archaeological excavation
Certainty: high
Date of Discovery
Term. Ante / Post Quem Non
between 2 11 1907 and 11 11 1907
Finder (= First Purchaser) Zucker, Friedrich (excavation director)
Certainty: high
Location of Find / Purchase in Egypt Elephantine
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Acquisition for the Intitution partage
Date of Acquisition for the Intitution between 1907 and 1907
Transferor (Seller, Previous Owner) (not relevant)
Certainty: high


Object Type papyrus
Color papyrus, light
Size (Height | Width | Thickness) 76 mm | 62 mm | mm
Range of Preservation incomplete
State of Preservation The lower part as well as the left part are broken off in undetermined extent. In the middle a continuous vertical break.
Mounting framed under glass

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object recto
Script-Fiber-Relation (for Payri) parallel (recto)
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
Range of Preservation (Text) incomplete
State of Preservation (Text) Lower part and all line endings broken off in undetermined extent.
Script, Primary Middle Demotic
Language, Primary Ptolemaic Demotic
Comments on Handwriting "Gute mitteldemotische Geschäftsschrift mit sicherem, ziemlich breitem Strich." (According to K.-T. Zauzich, in: VOHD XIX,2)
Comments on Text Layout Narrow line pitch. The right aligned text shows medium right and upper margins.
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines 5+y 0
Quantity of Columns 1 0
Line Lenght (in mm) 50 0
Column Height (in mm) 55 0
Height of Line / Letter
Line Distance 50+y x 55+y 0


Text Content

Modern Title letter mentioning a ship and liquids
Ancient Archives private archive
Ancient Scribe(s) of Text
Text Types
  • documentary | letter
Summary of Content Beginning of a letter of Sentais, daughter of Pekysis, possibly to her brother(?). Mention of a ship and of 3 thm measure for liquids.
Location of Composition Elephantine Upper Egypt, 1st nome Egypt (Certainty: high)
Multilingualism Monolingual Script = Language
Gender Woman Man
Comment on Gender - Activity of woman: sender of a letter (but not writer?)
Religion Polytheism (Egyptian)



Transcription Translation Pictures
1Tꜣ-šr.t-tꜣ-ı͗ḥ.t ta Pꜣ-ı͗gš tꜣ nty ḏd n NN
2sꜣ Pꜣ-ı͗gš tw=y ı͗r nꜣy=k sm.w m-bꜣḥ GN /// ı͗w=y
3mḥ r nꜣ šp.w
4pꜣ ḏy n Pꜣ-šr-I͗mn ẖr
5ḏı͗=y n=f 3 thm ḏd
1Sentais, daughter of Pekysis, [is the one who speaks to] [NN],
2son of Pekysis: I greet you [before GN. ///. I am]
3paid in full regarding the incoming payments ⸢..?..⸣ [///]
4the ship of Psenamounis, regarding [///]
5I have given him 3 tehem-liquid units as follows [///]
Places (read out from edition)


People mentioned in Text

ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
31115 man Psenamounis (P 23689) PꜢ-šr-Ỉmn pre-Coptic Egyptian



RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
Ptolemaic dynasty -332 BCE -30 BCE ;







DatasetID 100402
last Change 29.07.2022
Trismegistos 46655
Author Jan Moje
Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
Data set citation Data set 100402 (= Pap. Berlin P. 23689), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: Jan Moje.