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Pap. Berlin P. 13493

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_100411.tei.xml



Collection Berlin, Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, SPK (P)
Inventory Number Pap. Berlin P. 13493
Publication Number TAD B.4.4; AP 2; Sachau p. 25/ tf. 25-26
Comments on Inventory 1958 vorhanden
Publication Permission Status no permission for publication necessary
Publication Status published

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Elephantine (Ꜣbw; Yb; YbꜢ; YbꜤ; Ἐλεφαντίνη, יב , ⲉⲓⲏⲃ) [Trismegistos]
Certainty: high
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery archaeological excavation
Certainty: high
Finder (= First Purchaser) Rubensohn, Otto (excavation director)
Certainty: high
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Acquisition for the Intitution excavation finds


Object Type papyrus
Size (Height | Width | Thickness) 336 mm | 204 mm | mm
Rotation around horizontal axis (top to bottom)
Range of Preservation incomplete
State of Preservation Left third of document missing.
Mounting framed between glass
Comments on Object Traces of an illegible palimpsest on the recto.

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object recto/verso
Script-Fiber-Relation (for Payri) parallel (verso) and perpendicular (recto)
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
Range of Preservation (Text) incomplete
State of Preservation (Text) Third of contract is broken and missing.
Script, Primary Aramaic, Imperial
Language, Primary Aramaic, Imperial
Comments on Handwriting See "ancient scribe".
Comments on Text Layout Rare case of witnesses on the verso of a contract.
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines 18 4
Height of Line / Letter


Text Content

Modern Title Promissary Note to Deliver Grain
Ancient Archives (Uncertain)
Ancient Author of Text Ahiab bar Gemariah
Ancient Scribe(s) of Text
Text Types
  • documentary | contract
  • documentary | contract | promissory note
  • documentary | legal document
Summary of Content Promissory note of Hosea bar Hodaviah and Ahiab bar Gemariah to give the barley and lentils that Espemet gave to them, to their correct recipients. This is to be done at the king's storehouse and before the scribes of the treasury.
Location of Composition Elephantine Upper Egypt, 1st nome Egypt (Certainty: )
Comments on Text This is thought to be a copy of Cairo 3448 J 43485, but there are many discrepancies between the two texts.
Multilingualism Monolingual Script = Language
Gender Man
Religion unknown



Transcription Translation Pictures
1ב 20 111 111 11 לירח פאפי שנת 111 חשירש מלכא אמר הושע
2בר הודויה ואחיאב בר גמריה לאספמת זי
3תחפנס נגיא לאמר יהבת עלידנ שערנ ארדבנ ג 1 11
4ח 111 11 וטלפחנ ארדב 10 1 לשערנ ארדבנ
5כל שערנ וטלפחנ מערב ארדבנ 20 20 10 111 1
6ס יג נ כ זי מאתה זי ביתאלתקמ 10 1 כל
7גברנ 11 לגבר לגבר 1 שערנ ארדבנ 11 ג 11 ח
8זי מאת נבושלו גברנ 11 לשערנ ארדבנ יהבת על ידנ
9וטיב לבבנ בגו אנחנה נבל עבורא זנה
10חילא זנה זי מאתה זי ביתאלתקמ וזי מאתה זי נבושלו זי
11כתיבנ בספרא זנה אנחנה ננתנ די ל א
12בית מלכא וקדמ ספרי אוצרא זנה זי אנת יהבת
13עלידנ למובל לגבריא אלה זי כתיבנמנעלא והנ לא חלקנ
14לכ במנינ בבית מלכא וקדמ ספרי אוצרא
15אנחנה נחוב לכ כספ כרשנ 1 100 כספ זוז
16אלהא ואנת שלט בפרסנ זי1There is doubt. The strokes better match זא though it is grammatically incorrect. בית מלכא
17לנ אנת שלט למאחד עד תתמלא בעבורא
18כתב הושע עלפמ אחיאב

1 There is doubt. The strokes better match זא though it is grammatically incorrect.
vso 1שהדיא כיא בר אסכישו נשכעדרי בר נ
vso 2רוכל בר אביהו שורי בר כרז אתעדרי בר
vso 3 ארורת בר יהנתנ שבתי בר כב ד ר א
vso 4כתב הושע ואחיאב לאספמת
1On the 28th of the month of Phaophi, year 3 of King Xerxes, [Hosea] 2son of Hodaviah and Ahiab son of Gemariah 1[said]
2to Espement[… of
3Ta]h̦panes the region, saying: You gave into our hand bar[ley, x ardabs, 1 (OR: 2) g(riv)]
45 h(andfulls) and lentils, 11 ardabs to ba[rle]y [x] ardabs. [All (the) lentils (are) 20(+?) ardabs.]
5All (the) barley and lentils, mixed: 54[+?] ardabs, [1 (OR: 2) g(riv) 5 h(andfuls) …
6 …] of the century of Betheltaqum, 11 …[… All (the)]
7persons: 2. For each person, barley, 2 ardabs, 2 g(riv), [x] h(andfuls) …
8[of] the century of Nabusshaliv, 2 persons to barley, [x] ardabs. [You gave (them) into our hand]
9and our heart was satisfied herein. We shall bring [this] grain [to Syene to the chief of]
10this [detach]mant/garri]son of the century of Betheltakum and of the ce[ntury of Nabushaliv which]
11are written in the document. We shall give … [… and we shall distribute for you by amount]
12(at) the (store-)house of the king and before the scribes of the treasury thi[s grain which you gave]
13into our hand to bring to these persons who are written [above. And if we do not distribute]
14for you by amount at the (store-)house of the king and before the scribes of the t[reasury this grain],
15we shall be liable to you (for) silver, 100 karsh, silver zu[z to the ten, by the stone-(weight)s of Ptah̦]
16the god. And you have right to our allotment from the (store-)house of the king [and (to) a brick house which you will find]
17(belonging) to us, you have right to seize (them) until you have full (payment) for [this] grain [which is written above].
18Hosea wrote upon the instruction of Ahiab.
19The witnesses: Kava son of Eskaisku; Nushkuidri son of N[abenathan; PN son of PN];
20Rochel son of Abihu; Shuri son of Kurz; Attaidri son of [PN; Bagadata son of Psamshek];
21Arvaratha son of Jeh(o)Nathan; Shabbethai son of Kibda/Kibra.
22Hosea and Ah[ia]b wrote for Espe[met
Places (read out from edition)
  • (places.xml#r161)
  • יא (places.xml#s161)

    People mentioned in Text

    ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
    2970 man Ahiab bar Gemariah אחיאב בר גמריה Aramaic, Imperial



    RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
    Xerxes I 03 Phaophi 28 -483 February 17 BCE Date in text;







    DatasetID 100411
    last Change 29.07.2022
    Author James D. Moore, Verena Lepper
    Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
    (CC BY-NC-SA)
    Data set citation Data set 100411 (= Pap. Berlin P. 13493), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: James D. Moore, Verena Lepper.