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Pap. Berlin P. 15617

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_100419.tei.xml



Collection Berlin, Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, SPK (P)
Inventory Number Pap. Berlin P. 15617
Current Location magazine
Comments on Inventory registered as existing during revision (1958)
Publication Permission Status (unknown)
Publication Status published

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Elephantine (Ꜣbw; Yb; YbꜢ; YbꜤ; Ἐλεφαντίνη, יב , ⲉⲓⲏⲃ) [Trismegistos]
Certainty: high
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery archaeological excavation
Certainty: high
Finder (= First Purchaser) Rubensohn, Otto / Zucker, Friedrich (excavation directors)
Certainty: high
Location of Find / Purchase in Egypt Elephantine
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Acquisition for the Intitution partage
Date of Acquisition for the Intitution between 1906 and 1908
Transferor (Seller, Previous Owner) (not relevant)
Certainty: high


Object Type papyrus
Color papyrus, light
Size (Height | Width | Thickness) 71 mm | 366 mm | mm
Range of Preservation incomplete
State of Preservation Both upper corners broken off streaky. Minor holes in the sheet, horizontal and vertaical breaks along the foldings.
Mounting framed under glass
Restoration Activities Restaurierung abgeschlossen
Comments on Object According to the inventory "Abschrift und Deutung von W. Erichsen" existing.

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object recto/verso
Script-Fiber-Relation (for Payri) parallel (verso) and perpendicular (recto)
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
Range of Preservation (Text) incomplete
State of Preservation (Text) Line beginnings and endings of the first three (recto) resp. last three (verso) lost. Breaks with minor text damages.
Script, Primary Early to Middle Demotic
Language, Primary Early Demotic - Ptolemaic Demotic
Comments on Handwriting "Sorgfältige, geübte früh- bis mitteldemotische Geschäftsschrift." (According to K.-T. Zauzich, in: VOHD XIX,2)
Comments on Text Layout Medium line pitch. Recto: The text covers nearly the entire sheet, without lateral margins, but with medium upper and lower margins. Verso: The text covers nearly the entire sheet, without lateral margins, but with a broad lower margin containing the address line in the lower middle section.
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines 7 7+1
Quantity of Columns 1 1
Line Lenght (in mm) 360 380
Column Height (in mm) 80 85
Height of Line / Letter
Line Distance 360 x 80 380 x 85


Text Content

Modern Title letter concerning several incidents and books
Ancient Archives unclear
Ancient Scribe(s) of Text
Text Types
  • documentary | letter | horizontal format
Summary of Content Letter of Espmetsepsis to Chnoummachis concerning several incidents and "books". Details are intentionally not given so that unauthorized persons cannot receive information on the content of the letter.
Location of Composition Elephantine Upper Egypt, 1st nome Egypt (Certainty: high)
Multilingualism Monolingual Trilingual
Gender Man
Religion Polytheism (Egyptian)



Transcription Translation Pictures
1ḫrw Ns-pꜣ-mtr-šps m-bꜣḥ pꜣy=f ḥry wṯs Rꜥ H̱nm-m-ꜣḫ.t pꜣ sẖ mḏꜣ.t-nṯr tw=y 1Originally the phrase was written here as ḏı͗=y. ı͗r nꜣy=k sm.w m-bꜣḥ Ptḥ pꜣ nṯr ꜥꜣ ḏı͗=f nw=y r.r=k ı͗w mn ḏꜣ ı͗ ḏı͗ Pꜣ-Rꜥ q(y) pꜣy=f ꜥḥꜥ ḫpr ḥsb.t 16
2 nꜣ md.w(t) ı͗.ı͗r ḫpr n pꜣ hrw (n) šm r Mn-nfr ı͗:ı͗r nꜣ wꜥb.w (n ) H̱nm (r) pḥ ı͗rm pꜣ mr ꜣḥ n-ı͗w=w ḥp r.r=k (n) ṯꜣy pꜣ ḫpr ı͗:ı͗r=w ḏr=w ꜥḥꜥ=y ı͗.ı͗r-ḥr pꜣ mr ꜣḥ ḏd=y n=f nꜣ md.w(t) nty ḫpr n.ı͗m=y?
3ḏd=f n=y ı͗w=k mr ı͗y r pꜣ rsy ı͗m ı͗w=k mr ꜥḥꜥ dy n Mn-nfr ꜥḥꜥ ꜥn gm=y pꜣ ꜥḥꜥ-rd ḏd r rḫ nꜣ md.w(t) mtw=y ḏrꜥ ı͗w=y dy (n) Mn-nfr ꜥḥꜥ=y m-ı͗r ḏı͗.t ḏı͗ rmṯ nb
4pꜣ tꜣ dḥr ḥꜣ.ṱ=k (r-)ḏbꜥ md(.t) ı͗w ḫpr=s ḏı͗ (n) Mn-nfr n md(.t n) ꜥḏ r ꜥge sꜣ Ns-nb-ꜥnḫ ı͗rm Nfr-ib-Rꜥ sꜣ Ḥr-nfr r sḏı͗ ı͗.ı͗r-ḥr pꜣ sẖ mḏꜣ.t-nṯr n md(.t) nb(.t) r.ḏd=y n=w nꜣ ꜥšꜣ=w r ı͗r=w n šꜥ(.t)
5Ns-pꜣy=w-tꜣ.wı͗ pꜣ mr šn ı͗rm nꜣ wꜥb.w nty ı͗rm=f ḏd n=y ẖ nb nty ı͗w nꜣ-ꜥn=w ḏı͗=y ı͗r rḫ pꜣ ꜥḥꜥ rd ḏd ı͗w=s pḥ n-ḏr.t=f ḏı͗.t hb=w ḥꜣ.ṱ=y n pꜣ ı͗wn pꜣ nṯr pꜣ rꜥ bw-ı͗r gr ḫpr m sꜣ tꜣ wp.t pꜣ nṯr
6m-ı͗r rwš ḏı͗=y ı͗r wp.t nꜣ ḏmꜥ.w nty (n-)ḏr.t=y ꜥḥꜥ=y ı͗rm nꜣ sẖ.w pr ḥḏ nty šw ꜥḥꜥ ı͗rm=w dy st ḏd n=y pꜣ nty pḥ ı͗.ı͗r=y ı͗r tꜣy šꜥ(.t) (n) ı͗bd 2 pr.t sw 23 ı͗w=y r ṯꜣy nꜣ šꜥ(.t).w r.ı͗r=w ḥꜣ.ṱ=y
7(n) nꜣ sr.w n sw 24 ı͗rm Ns-pꜣy=w-tꜣ.wı͗ pꜣ mr-šn bn-pw pꜣ ḥm-nṯr tpy md(.t) ı͗rm=y n pꜣ ı͗wn r-ẖ rmṯ ı͗w=f rḫ rmṯ n-ḥr-n ky hrw r ꜥge r ḏd n=k nꜣ md.w(t) rn=w mtr nꜣ wꜥb.w r ḏı͗.t n=y ḥḏ (dbn) 1 qd.t 2.t

1 Originally the phrase was written here as ḏı͗=y.
vso 1 ı͗w ı͗r=w sp nꜣ ḥḏ.w nꜣ tgm r.ı͗n=w r Mn-nfr mtw=f pꜣ ı͗.ı͗r pšy r tm ḏı͗.t ḏı͗=w s n=y ḏd ı͗w=y (r) ḏd=s ı͗.ı͗r-ḥr pꜣ mr ꜣḥ ı͗w=w (r) ḏı͗.t s n=f ı͗.ı͗r pꜣ mr ꜣḥ pḥ ı͗w=k ꜥḥꜥ ı͗.ı͗r-ḥr=f ı͗w =k ḏd n=f ẖ nb
vso 2 nty šw ḏd=w ı͗w nꜣ-ꜥn=w my ḫpr=s ḏd šm=y ḥr wꜥ.t md(.t) m-ı͗r ḏı͗.t gm=f n=k rwḥ bn-ı͗w md(.t) ı͗w ḥn=k (s) n=y ı͗n tꜣy ı͗w=y pḥ ꜥn ı͗w=y (r) ḏı͗.t gm=k s ı͗w bn-pw=y
vso 3 rwḥ ı͗.ı͗r bn-pw=y wn md(.t) ḥr tꜣy šꜥ(.t) ḏd bw-ı͗r rmṯ ꜥš=s ı͗w-=s pḥ=k ı͗w=k r sḏm=w ḏr=w r-ḫrw ꜥge ı͗rm Nfr- ı͗b-Rꜥ m-ı͗r ṯꜣy n=k tḥ n ḥꜣty.ṱ n md(.t)
vso 4 ı͗w mn-mtw=s ꜥnḫ H̱nm ꜥꜣ nb Yb n.bn-pw md(.t) nfr(.t) hwš r pꜣ sẖ mḏꜣ.t-nṯr r ḏı͗.t ı͗r=w s n=f (r-)dbꜣ=y n pꜣ ı͗wn šsp=y ḏbꜥ wꜥ.t šrꜥ(.t) r ḏnf ḥḏ (dbn) 2 qd(.t) 5 ḏbꜥ wꜥ.t gḏꜣ(.t) ḏı͗=y st
vso 5 r-ḏr.t Nfr-ib-Rꜥ sꜣ Ḥr-nfr r ı͗n=w ı͗.ı͗r-ḥr=k /// šꜥ-ḏı͗ pꜣ nṯr nḥm=y mtw=y ı͗n nꜣ nty šw ı͗n=w ḥ(ꜥ)=y nꜣ md.w(t) nty-ı͗w=w r ḫpr n.ı͗m=n ḏı͗ ı͗w=y (r) hb ı͗.ı͗r-ḥr=k n.ı͗m=w nꜣ
vso 6 my ḥn=w s r ḏı͗.t hb=w n=n n.ı͗m=w ı͗.ı͗r=y ı͗r tꜣy šꜥ(.t) ı͗w Ns-pꜣy=w-tꜣ.wı͗ pꜣ mr-šn ı͗rm nꜣ wꜥb.w (n) H̱nm ı͗n-nꜥ.k r Pꜣ-ı͗w-rq (r)-dbꜣ nꜣ wꜥb.w nty-ı͗w=w r ı͗r=w n wꜥb.w (n) H̱nm ı͗rm Spd.t?
vso 7 sẖ ḥsb.t /// ı͗bd 2 pr.t sw 24
vso 8 ḫrw Ns-pꜣ-mtr-šps m-bꜣḥ pꜣy=f ḥry wṯs-Rꜥ H̱nm-m-ꜣḫ.t pꜣ sẖ mḏꜣ.t-nṯr
1[Voice of Espmet]sepsis [_] before his master, the carrier-of-Ra Chnoummachis, the scribe of the divine roll. I greet you before Ptah, the great god. Oh may he cause me to see you again without harm! [_] O may Pre cause his lifetime to be long! In the 16th regnal year [///]
2The matters which happened on this day, when the wab priests of Chnoum travelled to Memphis to visit the overseer of the field, will [not] be hidden from you from that day onwards when they happened. I have arrived before the overseer of the field. I have told him the matters happened [to me?].
3He has spoken to me: ‘If you desire travel to the South, you are welcome! If you desire to stay here in Memphis, stay again!’ I have found out that my matters 1Lit."the things with me". could be strengthened if I would stay here in Memphis. Therefore, I stayed (in Memphis). Do not let anybody 2Cf. Den Brinker / Muhs / Vleeming, DBL (2005), 54.
4in the world make your heart sad by reason of a matter which happened here in Memphis unlawfully! Akky, son of Snebonychos, and Nepherpres, son of Harnouphis, will report everything which I have said to them before the scribe of the divine roll. They (scil. the words resp. matters) are too numerous to be written in a letter.
5Spotous, the lesonis, and the wab priests who accompany him tell me all circumstances which are well. I know the fact that he is entitled(?) to permit writing in my presence 3Cf. Den Brinker / Muhs / Vleeming, DBL (2005), 54. during the journey of the god of the gate. Nothing happens except the works of the god.
6Be unconcerned! I carry out work on the papyrus rolls wich are in my hand. I have met the scribes of the treasury, with whom meeting here is profitable They have told me what is suitable. I wrote this letter on the 23rd of Mecheir. I will deliver these letters written in my presence 4Cf. Den Brinker / Muhs / Vleeming, DBL (2005), 54.
7to the officials on the 24th (of Mecheir), together with Spotous, the lesonis. The high priest had not a word with me concerning the journey in the way of a man who knows another in person since former times. Age will tell you the mentioned matters. The wab priests have reached an agreement to hand over to me 1 silver (deben) and 2 (silver) kite,
vso 1 because(?) they were left over. The money and the castor oil, which they have brought to Memphis: It is he who apportioned so as not to allow 5According to Den Brinker / Muhs / Vleeming, DBL (2005), 54. giving it to me, speaking: ‘I will tell it before the overseer of the field. It will be given to him.’ As soon as the overseer of the field arrives, you shall appear before him. You shall tell him everything
vso 2 that has to be said and that is appropriate. It may happen that I go there for a talk(?). May it not happen that he takes offence at you! This is not a matter which you had ordered to me! But as soon as I arrive I will let you know that I have not triggered
vso 3 a scandal. In this letter, I have revealed nothing (in detail), so that no one is able to read it before it reaches you. You will hear them all on declaration of Age and Nepherpres. Do not worry about a matter
vso 4 which has nothing! By Chnoum, the Great, master of Elephantine! Anything appropriate escaped(?) the scribe of the divine roll, in order to cause it do be done to him for my sake during the journey by ship. I have received a fingertip(?) of ..?.., yields by estimate 2 silver (deben), 5 kite, (and) a fingertip of ..?.. I have delivered them
vso 5 into the hand of Nepherpres, son of Harnouphis, in order to bring them to you as soon as the god saves me. And I myself will bring (to you) everything which is worth bringing. I will send to you concerning the matters which will happen with us here. The(?) [///],
vso 6 May it be ordered to send to us concerning this! I have written this letter when Spotous, the lesonis, was on the move to Philae, together with the Chnoum priests because of the priests who ought to be elected as wab priests of Chnoum and [Satis(?)] 6Cf. Den Brinker / Muhs / Vleeming, DBL (2005), 54..
vso 7 [Written in the xth regnal year], 24th of Mecheir.
vso 8 [Voice of Espmet]sepsis before his master, the carrier-of-Ra Chnoummachis, the scribe of the divine roll.

1 Lit."the things with me".
2 Cf. Den Brinker / Muhs / Vleeming, DBL (2005), 54.
3 Cf. Den Brinker / Muhs / Vleeming, DBL (2005), 54.
4 Cf. Den Brinker / Muhs / Vleeming, DBL (2005), 54.
5 According to Den Brinker / Muhs / Vleeming, DBL (2005), 54.
6 Cf. Den Brinker / Muhs / Vleeming, DBL (2005), 54.
Places (read out from edition)
  • Mn-nfr (places.xml#s14)
  • Mn-nfr (places.xml#s14)
  • Mn-nfr (places.xml#s14)
  • Mn-nfr (places.xml#s14)
  • Pꜣ-ı͗w-rq (places.xml#s15)

    People mentioned in Text

    ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
    555 man Akky, son of Snebonychos Ꜥge sꜢ Ns-nb-Ꜥnḫ Aramaic, Imperial



    RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
    Late period - Early Ptolemaic dynasty Mecheir 24 -400 BCE -222 BCE Dating by palaeography (K,.T. Zauzich);







    DatasetID 100419
    last Change 29.07.2022
    Trismegistos 46456
    Author Jan Moje
    Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
    (CC BY-NC-SA)
    Data set citation Data set 100419 (= Pap. Berlin P. 15617), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: Jan Moje.