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Pap. Berlin P. 13539

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_100482.tei.xml



Collection Berlin, Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, SPK (P)
Inventory Number Pap. Berlin P. 13539
Current Location exhibition | Neues Museum, Berlin
Comments on Inventory registered as existing during revision (1958)
Publication Permission Status (unknown)
Publication Status published

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Elephantine (Ꜣbw; Yb; YbꜢ; YbꜤ; Ἐλεφαντίνη, יב , ⲉⲓⲏⲃ) [Trismegistos]
Certainty: high
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery archaeological excavation
Certainty: high
Finder (= First Purchaser) Rubensohn, Otto (excavation director)
Certainty: high
Location of Find / Purchase in Egypt Elephantine
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Acquisition for the Intitution partage
Date of Acquisition for the Intitution between 1906 and 1907
Transferor (Seller, Previous Owner) (not relevant)
Certainty: high


Object Type papyrus
Color papyrus, dark
Size (Height | Width | Thickness) 110 mm | 270 mm | mm
Range of Preservation complete
State of Preservation Several small holes at the lateral edges, minor horizontal and vertical breaks, otherwise complete.
Mounting framed under glass
Comments on Object The papyrus was coiled up from bottom to top.

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object recto/verso
Script-Fiber-Relation (for Payri) parallel (verso) and perpendicular (recto)
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
Range of Preservation (Text) complete
State of Preservation (Text) Complete.
Script, Primary Early Demotic
Language, Primary Early Demotic
Comments on Handwriting "Flüssige und sorgfältige frühdemotische Geschäftsschrift." (According to K.-T. Zauzich, in: VOHD XIX,2)
Comments on Text Layout Wide line pitch. Recto: The text was placed onto the upper half of the surface of the papyrus, with small but equal lateral margins. On top a broader margin is left free. The lower half remains uninscribed. Verso: Only one line address in the upper third.
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines 5 1
Quantity of Columns 1 1
Line Lenght (in mm) 265
Column Height (in mm) 55
Height of Line / Letter
Line Distance 265 x 55 0


Text Content

Modern Title letter to Parnadadda concerning replacement of the lesonis priest office
Ancient Archives Chnoum temple archives | administrative archive | correspondence with Persian satraps
Ancient Scribe(s) of Text
Text Types
  • documentary | letter | horizontal format
Summary of Content Letter of the Chnoum priests to the satrap Farandata ("Pherendates") concerning the replacement of the office holder of the lesonis priest, initiated and executed against order of the satrap himself. The text was written by Espmetis, son of Esouris.
Location of Composition Elephantine Upper Egypt, 1st nome Egypt (Certainty: high)
Multilingualism Monolingual Script = Language
Gender Man
Religion Polytheism (Egyptian)



Transcription Translation Pictures
1ḫrw bꜣk.w (n) nꜣ wꜥb.w n H̱nm ꜥꜣ nb Yb m-bꜣḥ Prntt nty-ı͗w Km(.t) ḥn n=f tw=n ı͗r n nꜣ smꜣꜥ n Prntt
2m-bꜣḥ H̱nm pꜣ nṯr ꜥꜣ ı͗ ḏı͗ H̱nm q(y) pꜣy=f ꜥḥꜥ ḫpr ḥsb.t 29 ı͗bd 4 pr.t nꜣ ss n dı͗.t šsp n pꜣ mr-šn rk=n Pꜣ-ḏı͗-H̱nm
3sꜣ Ḥꜥꜥ-ı͗b-Rꜥ ı͗w=f n mr-šn ḏı͗=n šsp n=f Ns-H̱nm-pꜣ-mtr sꜣ Ḥr-ḫb n mr-šn tw=n mtr.w r
4ı͗r=f n pꜣ mr-šn ı͗w=f r ḏı͗.t fy.w ı͗w=f r ḏı͗.t ı͗r=w grr m-bꜣḥ H̱nm n-ḏr.t Ns-pꜣ-mtr sꜣ Ns-Ḥr pꜣ ḥry mnḫ(.t) n ḥsb.t 30
5ı͗bd 1 ꜣḫ.t sw 2
vso1ḫrw bꜣk.w (n) nꜣ wꜥb.w n H̱nm ꜥꜣ nb Yb m-bꜣḥ Prntt nty-ı͗w Km(.t) ḥn n=f
1Voice of the servants, the wab priests of Chnoum the Great, master of Elephantine, before Farandata, to whom Egypt is entrusted: We perform the blessings of Farandata
2before Khnum, the great god. Oh, may Chnoum cause his lifetime to be long! It happened on the 29th regnal year (of Dareios I.), Pharmouthi, the time for appointing a successor to the lesonis, that we had disposed Petechnoumis,
3son of Oaphres, who was lesonis. We had caused Eschnompmetis, son of Harchebis, to follow him as lesonis. We are in agreement
4[to appoint him as] lesonis. He will cause supplies of offerings and burnt-offerings to be presented before Chnoum. Issued by Espmetis, son of Esyris, the chief of the (sacred) wrappings, in the 30th regnal year,
52nd of Thoth.
vso1Voice of the servants, the wab priests of Chnoum the great, master of Elephantine, before Farandata, to whom Egypt is entrusted.
Places (read out from edition)
  • Yb (places.xml#s3)
  • Km(.t) (places.xml#c130)
  • Yb (places.xml#s3)
  • Km(.t) (places.xml#c130)

    People mentioned in Text

    ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
    780 man Eschnoumpmetis, son of Harchebis Ns-H̱nm-pꜢ-mtr sꜢ Ḥr-ḫb pre-Coptic Egyptian



    RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
    Darius I 30 Thoth 02 -492 December 20 BCE internal dating, without name of the ruler;







    DatasetID 100482
    last Change 29.07.2022
    Trismegistos 46469
    Author Jan Moje
    Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
    (CC BY-NC-SA)
    Data set citation Data set 100482 (= Pap. Berlin P. 13539), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: Jan Moje.