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Pap. Berlin P. 23592

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_100568.tei.xml



Collection Berlin, Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, SPK (P)
Inventory Number Pap. Berlin P. 23592
Current Location magazine
Publication Permission Status permission for publication assigned

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Elephantine (Ꜣbw; Yb; YbꜢ; YbꜤ; Ἐλεφαντίνη, יב , ⲉⲓⲏⲃ) [Trismegistos]
Certainty: high
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery archaeological excavation
Certainty: high
Date of Discovery
Term. Ante / Post Quem Non
between 11 1 1907 and 11 1 1907
Finder (= First Purchaser) Rubensohn, Otto (excavation director)
Certainty: high
Location of Find / Purchase in Egypt Elephantine
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Acquisition for the Intitution partage
Date of Acquisition for the Intitution between 1907 and 1907
Transferor (Seller, Previous Owner) (not relevant)
Certainty: high


Object Type papyrus
Color papyrus, light
Size (Height | Width | Thickness) 160 mm | 265 mm | mm
Range of Preservation incomplete
State of Preservation Three larger holes near the right edge, otherwise several minor holes scattered over the sheet. Edges slightly damaged. Seven continuous horizontal foldings in equal intervals, one vertical in the middle.
Mounting framed under glass

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object recto/verso
Script-Fiber-Relation (for Payri) parallel (recto) and perpendicular (verso)
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
Range of Preservation (Text) incomplete
State of Preservation (Text) Right half heavily damaged.
Script, Primary Early Demotic
Language, Primary Early Demotic
Comments on Handwriting "Große, flüchtige, teilweise recht schwierige frühdemotische Geschäftsschrift." (According to K.-T. Zauzich, in: VOHD XIX,2)
Comments on Text Layout Narrow line pitch. Recto: The text covers nearly the entire sheet, with a small and equal right margin. Verso: The text was placed onto the upper two-thirds of the surface of the potsherd, with small lateral and upper margins. The lower one-third remains uninscribed except for the address line.
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines 13 8+1
Quantity of Columns 1 1
Line Lenght (in mm) 255 245
Column Height (in mm) 150 95
Height of Line / Letter
Line Distance 255 x 150 245 x 95


Text Content

Modern Title letter requesting some items
Ancient Archives private archive
Ancient Scribe(s) of Text
Text Types
  • documentary | letter | horizontal format
Summary of Content Letter of Esby to his mistress Espnetiseten with the request of sending some items, if a liable person for transport can be found. At the end there are greetings to a certain Peteese, son of Asychis, and a person with the Semitic name Yhyḥy "May-Yahu-live".
Location of Composition Memphis Lower Egypt, 1st nome Egypt (Certainty: high)
Comments on Text The locatin of composition can be detected as Memphis according to Zauzich in VOHD XIX,2, because the introductory formula contains "before Ptah".
Multilingualism Monolingual Script = Language
Gender Man Woman
Comment on Gender - Acticvity of woman: mistress of a man - Activity of woman: addressee of letter
Religion Polytheism (Egyptian)



Transcription Translation Pictures
Reserved Copyright
Reserved Copyright
Places (read out from edition)


People mentioned in Text

ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
10730 woman Espnetiseten Ns-pꜣ-nty-stn pre-Coptic Egyptian
42975 man Pateese, son of Asychis Pꜣ-ḏı-ꜣs.t sꜣ ꜥšꜣ-Iḫy pre-Coptic Egyptian
42980 (uncertain) Yhyḥy May-Yahu-live Yhyḥy Semitic language



RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
Late Period (26th dynasty - 31st dynasty) Tybi -664 BCE -332 BCE internal dating, without name of the ruler;



Reserved Copyright
Reserved Copyright




DatasetID 100568
last Change 29.07.2022
Trismegistos 46586
Author Jan Moje
Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
Data set citation Data set 100568 (= Pap. Berlin P. 23592), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: Jan Moje.