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Pap. Berlin P. 23657

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_100604.tei.xml



Collection Berlin, Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, SPK (P)
Inventory Number Pap. Berlin P. 23657
Current Location magazine
Publication Permission Status permission for publication assigned

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Elephantine (Ꜣbw; Yb; YbꜢ; YbꜤ; Ἐλεφαντίνη, יב , ⲉⲓⲏⲃ) [Trismegistos]
Certainty: high
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery archaeological excavation
Certainty: high
Finder (= First Purchaser) Rubensohn, Otto / Zucker, Friedrich (excavation directors)
Certainty: high
Location of Find / Purchase in Egypt Elephantine
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Acquisition for the Intitution partage
Date of Acquisition for the Intitution between 1906 and 1908
Transferor (Seller, Previous Owner) (not relevant)
Certainty: high


Object Type papyrus
Color papyrus, dark
Size (Height | Width | Thickness) 141 mm | 55 mm | mm
Range of Preservation complete
State of Preservation In the upper section horizontal breaks. Possibly a small part of the lower section is lost.
Mounting framed under glass
Comments on Object Palimpsest. On recto and verso traces of an anterior text in Greek.

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object recto/verso
Script-Fiber-Relation (for Payri) parallel (recto) and perpendicular (verso)
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
Range of Preservation (Text) incomplete
State of Preservation (Text) Some holes with minor text damages. Possibly lower part broken in small extent only.
Script, Primary Middle Demotic
Language, Primary Ptolemaic Demotic
Comments on Handwriting "Auffallend kleine, etwas ungelenke und teilweise undeutliche mitteldemotische Geschäftsschrift." (According to K.-T. Zauzich, in: VOHD XIX,2)
Comments on Text Layout Medium line pitch. Recto: The text covers nearly the entire (preserved) sheet, without lateral margins, and with a small upper margin. Verso: Two address lines only, placed onto the upper part of the sheet. Second line on verso rotated by 180° with respect to the first line.
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines 17 2
Quantity of Columns 1 1
Line Lenght (in mm) 55 0
Column Height (in mm) 140 0
Height of Line / Letter
Line Distance 55 x 140 0


Text Content

Modern Title letter requesting the delivery of something to the south
Ancient Archives unclear
Ancient Scribe(s) of Text
Text Types
  • documentary | letter | vertical format
Summary of Content Letter of Hetep-Chnoum, son of Psenpelaias, to Espmetis, son of Pete-[?] requesting the delivery of something to the south. Greetings to different persons.
Location of Composition Biggeh or Philae Upper Egypt, 1st nome Egypt (Certainty: medium)
Comments on Text The provenance of the composition is suggested by Zauzich according to the greeting formula mentioning greetings "here before Isis and the deities of Biggeh and Philae".
Multilingualism Monolingual Script = Language
Gender Man
Religion Polytheism (Egyptian)



Transcription Translation Pictures
Places (read out from edition)


People mentioned in Text

ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
10980 man Espmetis, son of Pet[///] (P. 23657) Ns-pꜢ-mtr sꜢ PꜢ-ḏỉ-[///] pre-Coptic Egyptian



RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
Ptolemaic dynasty -332 BCE -30 BCE ;







DatasetID 100604
last Change 29.07.2022
Trismegistos 46641
Author Jan Moje
Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
Data set citation Data set 100604 (= Pap. Berlin P. 23657), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: Jan Moje.