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Pap. Berlin P. 23684

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_100611.tei.xml



Collection Berlin, Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, SPK (P)
Inventory Number Pap. Berlin P. 23684
Current Location magazine
Publication Permission Status permission for publication assigned

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Elephantine (Ꜣbw; Yb; YbꜢ; YbꜤ; Ἐλεφαντίνη, יב , ⲉⲓⲏⲃ) [Trismegistos]
Certainty: high
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery archaeological excavation
Certainty: high
Date of Discovery
Term. Ante / Post Quem Non
between 5 11 1907 and 5 11 1907
Finder (= First Purchaser) Zucker, Friedrich (excavation director)
Certainty: high
Location of Find / Purchase in Egypt Elephantine
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Acquisition for the Intitution partage
Date of Acquisition for the Intitution between 1907 and 1907
Transferor (Seller, Previous Owner) (not relevant)
Certainty: high


Object Type papyrus
Color papyrus, light
Size (Height | Width | Thickness) 131 mm | 69 mm | mm
Range of Preservation incomplete
State of Preservation The lower part is broken off in undetermined extent. Lateral edges partially damaged. Some holes.
Mounting framed under glass

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object recto/verso
Script-Fiber-Relation (for Payri) parallel (recto) and perpendicular (verso)
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
Range of Preservation (Text) incomplete
State of Preservation (Text) Lower part broken off in undetermined extent. All line beginnings and endings damaged. Some holes with minor text damages.
Script, Primary Middle Demotic
Language, Primary Ptolemaic Demotic
Comments on Handwriting "Recto+Adresse (Verso): Geübte und relativ sorgfältige mitteldemotische Geschäftsschrift. Verso: Etwas kleinere, unregelmäßige mitteldemotische Geschäftsschrift." (According to K.-T. Zauzich, in: VOHD XIX,2)
Comments on Text Layout Wide line pitch. Recto: Text with small(?) lateral margins and a medium upper one. Verso: Text placed onto the lower part (no continuation from the recto, turned 18o ° in respect to the recto). The upper part remains uninscribed except for the address line belonging to the text on recto.
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines 9+y 1+4+y
Quantity of Columns 1 1
Line Lenght (in mm) 65 60
Column Height (in mm) 110 45+y
Height of Line / Letter
Line Distance 65 x 110+y 60 x 45+y


Text Content

Modern Title letter beginning with address and formulas
Ancient Archives private archive
Ancient Scribe(s) of Text
Text Types
  • documentary | letter | vertical format
Summary of Content First part of a letter of Petenephotes, son of Pelaias, to Pachnoumis with address and greeting formulas. The text on the verso is not related to that one on the verso, according to Zauzich in VOHD XIX,2.
Location of Composition Elephantine Upper Egypt, 1st nome Egypt (Certainty: high)
Multilingualism Monolingual Script = Language
Gender Man
Religion Polytheism (Egyptian)



Transcription Translation Pictures
Reserved Copyright
Reserved Copyright
Places (read out from edition)


People mentioned in Text

ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
11005 man Pachnoumis (P. 23684) Pa-H̱nm pre-Coptic Egyptian



RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
Ptolemaic Dynasty (late) -180 BCE -30 BCE ;



Reserved Copyright
Reserved Copyright




DatasetID 100611
last Change 29.07.2022
Trismegistos 46650
Author Jan Moje
Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
Data set citation Data set 100611 (= Pap. Berlin P. 23684), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: Jan Moje.