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Pap. Berlin P. 13465

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_100738.tei.xml



Collection Berlin, Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, SPK (P)
Inventory Number Pap. Berlin P. 13465
Publication Number TAD B.6.4; Sachau pap. 34 / taf. 33; Cowley 18;
Current Location magazine | papyrus depository
Comments on Inventory 1958 vorhanden
Publication Permission Status no permission for publication necessary
Publication Status published

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Elephantine (Ꜣbw; Yb; YbꜢ; YbꜤ; Ἐλεφαντίνη, יב , ⲉⲓⲏⲃ) [Trismegistos]
Certainty: high
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery archaeological excavation
Finder (= First Purchaser) Rubensohn, Otto (excavation director)
Location of Find / Purchase in Egypt Elephantine
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Acquisition for the Intitution excavation finds
Date of Acquisition for the Intitution between 1906 and 1907
Transferor (Seller, Previous Owner) Rubensohn, Otto / Zucker, Friedrich (excavation directors)
Certainty: high
Buyer (Currently Housing Institution) Harold I. Bell
Certainty: high


Object Type papyrus
Size (Height | Width | Thickness) 238 mm | 313 mm | mm
Range of Preservation incomplete
Mounting framed between glass
Comments on Object The document appears to contain some illegible erasures, esp. on the upper fragment.

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object recto
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
Range of Preservation (Text) incomplete
Script, Primary Aramaic, Imperial
Language, Primary Aramaic, Imperial
Comments on Text Layout TAD edits the small upper fragment as TAD D.2.19 (P. 13465:96/16) = ID no. 306592.
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines x+10


Text Content

Modern Title End of the Document of Wifehood
Ancient Archives (Uncertain)
Ancient Author of Text Hoshaiah
Ancient Scribe(s) of Text
Text Types
  • documentary | contract
  • documentary | marriage contract
Summary of Content End of a document of wifehood for Salluah daughter Jehohen. This document parallels TAD B.3.8 in form and was written by the same writer. The mother is giving away and making a contract for her daughter. Presumably, the father of the bride is gone, and the woman has the right to run the estate (including its people). Unique to this document are the theophoric names among the witnesses. The names display Aramean, Judean, and Egyptian elements.
Location of Composition Elephantine Upper Egypt, 1st nome Egypt (Certainty: unknown)
Comments on Text The witnesses may have been written in the Mauziah's hand, but remains uncertain.
Multilingualism Monolingual Script = Language
Gender Man Woman
Comment on Gender See summary of content.
Religion Polytheism (other)
Comment on Religion See summary of content.
Religion, further Judaism



Transcription Translation Pictures
x+1אפ לא יכהל הושעיה ילקח אנתה אחרה
x+2ברמנ סלואה אנתתה לה לאנתו הנ יעבד כות שנאה הי יעבד לה דינ שנאה
x+3ואפ לא יכהל הושעיה ולא יעבד דינ חדה ותרתינ מנ נשי כנותה לסלואה
x+4אנתתה הנ לא יעבד דינ חדה ותרתינ מנ נשי כנותה שנאה הי ואפ לא

x+5תכהל סלואה ולא תעבד דינ חד ותרינ להושעיה והנ לא תעבד דינ חד1traces TAD sees are a stain on the papyrus.
x+6ותרינ שנאה הי תעבד לה דינ שנאה ולא תכהל יהוחנ ברת תאמר לה
x+7ולסלוא ברתה כזי נכסיא אלה וכספא זי כתיבנ בספרא זנה ברחמנ יהבת לכמ כענ צבית
x+8אהנצל המ הנ תאמר כות חיבה הי לא ישתמע לה כתב מעוזיה בר נתנ בר ענניה
x+9ספרא זנה כפמ הושעיה ויהוחנ ושהדיא בגו שהד חרמנתנ בר ביתאלנתנ בר צחא
x+10שהד חגי בר פנוליה שהד יאוש בר אזניה שהד ביתאלנתנ בר יהונתנ

1 traces TAD sees are a stain on the papyrus.
x+1[Moreover, Hôšayah shall not be able to take another wo]⸢man⸣
x+2[besides Sallûˀah his wife for himself for wifehood. If he does so, it is hatred. He shall do to her] the law of hatred.
x+3[And moreover, Hôšayah shall not be able to engage in law (with) one or t]⸢w⸣[o of ]his colleagues' ⸢wi⸣ves as (with) Sallûˀah
x+4[his wife. If he does not engage in law (with) of one or two of] his colleagues’ [wives], it is hatred. [More]over,
x+5[Sallûˀah shall] (4) not (5) [be able not to engage in la]⸢w⸣[ (with) one or two (others) as (with) Hôšayah. If she does not engage in law (with) one]
x+6⸢or t⸣[w]o (others), i[t is] hat[red]. ⸢She shall d⸣o to him the law of hatred. Yahôḥen daughter of [PN] shall not be a[b]⸢l⸣e to [say to him]
x+7or to Sallûˀa her daughter that: “\[T]hese/ goods and the silver which are written in \this/ document I gave you in affection, (but) now, I desire
x+8to reclaim them.” If she says thus, she is guilty. She shall not be heard. Maˁuzyah son of Natan son of ˁAnanyah wrote
x+9this document at the instruction of Hôšayah and Yahôḥen. The witnesses herein: witness Ḥeremnatan son of Bêtˀelnatan son of Ṣeḥaˀ,
x+10witness Ḥaggay son of Penûlyah, witness Yaˀûš son of [ˀA]zanyah, witness Bêtˀelnatan son of Yahônatan.

Places (read out from edition)


People mentioned in Text

ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
3165 man Bethelnathan bar Jehonathan ביתאלנתן בר יהונתן Aramaic, Imperial



RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
-433 BCE -400 BCE Last third of the 5th century BCE, cf. Cowley p. 54.;







DatasetID 100738
last Change 29.07.2022
Author James D. Moore (editor), Verena Lepper
Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
Data set citation Data set 100738 (= Pap. Berlin P. 13465), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: James D. Moore (editor), Verena Lepper.