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Pap. Berlin P. 23045

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_100747.tei.xml



Collection Berlin, Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, SPK (P)
Inventory Number Pap. Berlin P. 23045
Current Location magazine | papyrus depository
Publication Permission Status permission for publication upon enquiry only
Publication Status published

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Elephantine (Ꜣbw; Yb; YbꜢ; YbꜤ; Ἐλεφαντίνη, יב , ⲉⲓⲏⲃ) [Trismegistos]
Certainty: high
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery archaeological excavation
Certainty: high
Date of Discovery
Term. Ante / Post Quem Non
between 30 12 1906 and 30 12 1906
Finder (= First Purchaser) Rubensohn, Otto / Zucker, Friedrich (excavation directors)
Certainty: high
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Acquisition for the Intitution partage
Transferor (Seller, Previous Owner) Rubensohn, Otto / Zucker, Friedrich (excavation directors)
Certainty: high
Buyer (Currently Housing Institution) Borchardt, Ludwig
Certainty: high


Object Type papyrus
Range of Preservation incomplete
State of Preservation The papyrus is preserved in two fragments without direct joins, but their positioning relative to each other is clear due to the text. One of these fragments (upper fragment) consists of two fragments with a direct join. The lower fragment is a piece from the lower part of the papyrus scroll.
Comments on Object sheet join: upper fragment: 19-20mm broad lower fragment: 13+x mm broad - The sheet join was made carefully.

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object recto
Inks and Pigments carbon ink polychrome black and red
Range of Preservation (Text) incomplete
State of Preservation (Text) The script is very faded. Based on the fact that a part of the title of “The Instruction of Amenemhet I for his Son” is preserved, not much is missing between the two fragments. upper fragment: nearly the end of four lines lower fragment: nearly the beginning of the following four lines which are the last lines of this column
Script, Primary Late Hieratic
Language, Primary Middle Egyptian, Late
Comments on Handwriting no ligatures
Comments on Text Layout - lower fragment: One sign was written on the broad lower margin. In line; x+2, sḫpr was written above an inkblot. - The scribe did not begin a new line for the second text, but wrote the title of “The Instruction of Amenemhet I for his Son” right after the end of the last text in the middle of the line x+2 of the upper fragment. Red ink highlights this title. - The text was written over the sheet joins.
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines upper fragment: x+4+y lower fragment: x+4


Text Content

Modern Title Fragments of the "Teaching of (Dua)Kheti" and "The Instruction of King Amenemhet I for his Son"
Ancient Archives (Uncertain)
Ancient Author of Text (Unknown)
Ancient Scribe(s) of Text
Text Types
  • literary | wisdom
Summary of Content This object contains two teachings: “The Teaching of (Dua)Kheti” (XXXf-g; see Helck, Duakheti (1970), 148-149) and “The Instruction of King Amenemhet I for his Son” (Ia – middle part of IVa; see Helck, Amenemhet (1969), 15-26). “probably the latest known copy of a Middle Kingdom literary composition” (Quack, Sammelhandschrift (2003), 185)
Location of Composition Elephantine Upper Egypt, 1st nome Egypt (Certainty: high)
Multilingualism Monolingual Script = Language
Religion Polytheism (Egyptian)



Transcription Translation Pictures
x+1 [t]m.tj ḫpr tm jb m-sꜣ ḥry
x+2 smr m sḫprw n=k ꜣqy.w nn km
x+3 hrw n qs jw ḏj.n=j
x+4 [wn]m kꜣ.w jr.t ṯs
Fragm. A
x+1 wꜣ.t n.t ꜥnḫ mk
x+2 sbꜣy.t
x+3 nb-r-ḏr ḏd=f ḫꜥỉ
x+4m nṯr sꜣq tw r smd.t
x+5r=f tm. tj t ḫpr tmm.t rḏỉ jb m-sꜣ ḥr.yt=s m rḫ
x+6ḫnms 1Only the determinative is preserved. m sḫpr.w n=k ꜥq.w nn km jr.j
x+7 hrw qsn(.t) jw jn
x+8wnm kꜣ=j jrỉ ṯs.t

1 Only the determinative is preserved.
x+1 who are nothing and about [their] respect you don't have to worry
x+2 a friend. Don't make yourself confidents, that dosn't succeed
x+3 [at the] day of misery. Because I gave
x+4 [at]e the food, arranged tro[ops]
Fragm. A
x+1[///] the way of life
x+2[///] Teaching
x+3[///] Lord of all. He said [appeared]
x+4[as god] [///] [Beware] of the smd.t-staff
x+5who prove non-existent 1According to: Parkinson, Egyptian Poems (1997), 209, n. 3. (and) [whose] terror was not [keep in] mind. [///] [Know no]
x+6 [friend!] Make yourself no confidants – It is no [use]! [///]
x+7[///] the [d]ay of trouble [///] [The one]
x+8[who ate] <my> food was the one who [reproached] [///]

1 According to: Parkinson, Egyptian Poems (1997), 209, n. 3.
Places (read out from edition)




RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
Late Period (26th dynasty - 31st dynasty) -746 BCE -332 BCE - paleopgraphy (According to: Burkard & Fischer-Elfert, VOHD 19,4 (1994), 119) - Verhoeven, Literaturwerke in der Spätzeit (1996), 259/260, n. 35 prefers 26th dynasty - Quack, Sammelhandschrift (2003), 183 prefers the late Saite Period ;







DatasetID 100747
last Change 29.07.2022
Author Martina Grünhagen; Verena Lepper; Daniela C. Härtel
Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
Data set citation Data set 100747 (= Pap. Berlin P. 23045), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: Martina Grünhagen; Verena Lepper; Daniela C. Härtel.