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Pap. Berlin P. 13500

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_307138.tei.xml



Collection Berlin, Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, SPK (P)
Inventory Number Pap. Berlin P. 13500
Publication Number P.Eleph. 1
Current Location exhibition | Neues Museum, Berlin
Publication Permission Status (unknown)
Publication Status published

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Elephantine (Ꜣbw; Yb; YbꜢ; YbꜤ; Ἐλεφαντίνη, יב , ⲉⲓⲏⲃ) [Trismegistos]
Certainty: high
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery archaeological excavation
Certainty: high
Finder (= First Purchaser) Rubensohn, Otto (excavation director)
Certainty: high
Location of Find / Purchase in Egypt Elephantine
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Acquisition for the Intitution partage
Date of Acquisition for the Intitution between 1906 and 1906
Transferor (Seller, Previous Owner) Rubensohn, Otto (excavation director)
Certainty: high


Object Type papyrus
Color papyrus, light
Dating between -310 and
Criteria for Dating date in text
Range of Preservation complete
State of Preservation Minor loss at the seams
Mounting framed under glass

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object recto
Script-Fiber-Relation (for Payri) perpendicular
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
Range of Preservation (Text) complete
State of Preservation (Text) double document; only the first part transcribed
Script, Primary Greek
Language, Primary Greek, Ancient
Comments on Handwriting documentary, early ptolemaic, almost epigraphical
Comments on Text Layout The left-aligned text covers nearl the entire surface of the recto, with small lateral margins and broader ones on top and at the bottom. In the middle between the two documents (l 18 - 19, transversa charta), a broad horizontal strip remains uninscribed.
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines 17 + 17
Quantity of Columns 1


Text Content

Modern Title marriage contract
Ancient Scribe(s) of Text
Text Types
  • documentary | contract
Summary of Content Marriage contract between Herakleides, a free Temnian, and Demetria, a free woman of Kos, daughter of Leptines und the mother Philotis, also from Kos, who brings a dowry consisting of clothing and jewelry worth 1000 drachmas. Further legal arrangements for ill behavior on both sides and sanctions are set out. The contract is signed and sealed by 6 witnesses.
Location of Composition Elephantine Upper Egypt, 1st nome Egypt (Certainty: high)
Comments on Text only first part of double document transcribed. Images: P.Eleph. Taf. III (Z. 1–18); Hussein, Vom Papyrus zum Codex 65; R. Ibscher, Die Papyri als Zeugen antiker Kultur, Berlin 1949, Taf. 3; Schubart, Papyri Graecae Berolinenses, Tafel 2 (Z. 1–18); Seider, Pal. Gr. I, Taf. 1, Nr. 1, nach S. 34 (Z. 1–15); Schubart, Griechische Papyri, Taf. 9 (Z. 1–18); Pal.Soc.Mss.2 II Taf. 26 (Z. 1–18); I. Gallo, Avviamento alla papirologia greco-latina, Napoli 1983, 13 (Z. 1–18); Montevecchi, La papirologia Tav. 10 (Z. 1–18); Sigalas, Historia (1934) 174 (Z. 1–4; Festschrift Ägyptisches Museum, Taf. 68 (Z. 1–16 ); Mandilaras, ΠΑΠΥΡΟΙ (1980), 174, Abb. 40 (Z. 1–18) ; J. G. Février, Histoire de l'écriture, Paris 1948, Taf. VIII, nach S. 384 (Z. 1–18); Pap.Eleph.Eng. Taf. 6 = BL XI 76; Scrittura e Civiltà 20, 1996, nach S. 88, Taf. 1a = BL XI 76; Scrittura e Civiltà 23, 1999, nach S. 48, Taf. 6 () = BL XII 66; APF 54, 2008, 204, abb. 1; Cavallo, La scrittura S. 22, Abb. 1 (Z. 1–18); Harrauer, Paläographie, Tafelband, Abb. 2 (Z. 1–18); D. Wildung, Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung Berlin, München 2008, 118, Abb. 61.
Multilingualism Monolingual Script = Language
Gender Man Woman
Comment on Gender - Activity of woman: contractant in marriage contract - Identifier of woman: daughter of a man and a woman
Religion unknown



Transcription Translation Pictures
1Ἀλεξάνδρου τοῦ Ἀλεξάνδρου βασιλεύοντος ἔτει ἑβδόμωι, Πτολεμαίου σατραπεύοντος ἔτει τεσαρε-
2 σκαιδεκάτωι 1 l. τεσσαρε|σκαιδεκάτωι μηνὸς Δίου. συγγραφὴ συνοικισίας Ἡρακλείδου καὶ Δημητρίας. λαμβάνει Ἡρακλείδης
3 Δημητρίαν Κώιαν γυναῖκα γνησίαν παρὰ τοῦ πατρὸς Λεπτίνου Κώιου καὶ τῆς μητρὸς Φιλωτίδος ἐλεύθερος
4ἐλευθέραν προσφερομένην εἱματισμὸν 2 l. ἱματισμὸν καὶ κόσμον (δραχμῶν) Α, παρεχέτω δὲ Ἡρακλείδης Δημητρίαι
5ὅσα προσήκει γυναικὶ ἐλευθέραι πάντα, εἶναι δὲ ἡμὰς κατα ταυτὸ 3 l. τὸ αὐτὸ ὅπου ἂν δοκῆι ἄριστον εἶναι βουλευομένοις κοινῆι
6βουλῆι Λεπτίνηι καὶ Ἡρακλείδηι. εἰὰν 4 l. ἐὰν δέ τι κακοτεχνοῦσα ἁλίσκηται ἁλίσκηται ἐπὶ αἰσχύνηι τοῦ ἀνδρὸς Ἡρακλείδου Δημητρία,
7στερέσθω ὧμ 5 l. ὧν προσηνέγκατο πάντων. ἐπιδειξάτω δὲ Ἡρακλείδης ὅτι ἂν ἐγκαλῆι Δημητρίαι ἐναντίον ἀνδρῶν τριῶν,
8οὓς ἂν δοκιμάζωσιν ἀμφότεροι. μὴ ἐξέστω δὲ Ἡρακλείδηι γυναῖκα ἄλλην ἐπεισάγεσθαι ἐφ᾽ ὕβρει Δημητρίας μηδὲ
9τεκνοποιεῖσθαι ἐξ ἄλλης γυναικὸς μηδὲ κακοτεχνεῖν μηδὲν παρευρέσει μηδεμιᾶι Ἡρακλείδην εἰς Δημητρίαν·
10εἰὰν 6 l. ἐὰν δέ τι ποῶν 7 l. ποιῶν τούτων ἁλίσκηται Ἡρακλείδης καὶ ἐπιδείξηι Δημητρία ἐναντίον ἀνδρῶν τριῶν, οὓς ἂν δοκιμάζωσιν
11ἀμφότεροι, ἀποδότω Ἡρακλείδης Δημητρίαι τὴμ 8 l. τὴν φερνὴν ἣν προσηνέγκατο (δραχμῶν) Α, καὶ προσαποτεισάτω ἀργυρί-
12ου Ἀλεξανδρείου (δραχμὰς) Α. ἡ δὲ πρᾶξις ἔστω καθάπερ ἐγ 9 l. ἐκ δίκης κατὰ νόμον τέλος ἐχούσης Δημητρίαι καὶ τοῖς μετὰ
13Δημητρίας πράσσουσιν ἔκ τε αὐτοῦ Ἡρακλείδου καὶ τῶν Ἡρακλείδου πάντων καὶ ἐγγαίων καὶ ναυτικῶν. ἡ δὲ συγγραφὴ
14ἥδε κυρία ἔστω πάντηι πάντως ὡς ἐκεῖ τοῦ συναλλάγματος γεγενημένου, ὅπου ἂν ἐπεγφέρηι Ἡρακλείδης κατὰ
15ΔημητρίαςΔημητρία τε καὶ τοὶ 10 l. οἱ μετὰ Δημητρίας πράσσοντες ἐπεγφέρωσιν κατὰ Ἡρακλείδου. κύριοι δὲ ἔστωσαν 11 l. ἔσθωσαν Ἡρακλεί-
16δης καὶ Δημητρία καὶ τὰς συγγραφὰς αὐτοὶ τὰς αὑτῶν φυλάσσοντες καὶ ἐπεγφέροντες κατ᾽ ἀλληλως 12 l. ἀλλήλων. μαρτερες 13l. μάρτυρες
17Κλέων Γελῶιος, Ἀντικράτης Τημνίτης, Λῦσις Τημνίτης, Διονύσιος Τημνίτης, Ἀριστόμαχος Κυρηναῖος, Ἀριστόδικος

1 l. τεσσαρε|σκαιδεκάτωι
2 l. ἱματισμὸν
3 l. τὸ αὐτὸ
4 l. ἐὰν
5 l. ὧν
6 l. ἐὰν
7 l. ποιῶν
8 l. τὴν
9 l. ἐκ
10 l. οἱ
11 l. ἔσθωσαν
12 l. ἀλλήλων
13 l. μάρτυρες
1In the reign of Alexander son of Alexander, in the seventh year, in the satrapship of Ptolemy, in the four-
2teenth year, in the month Dios. Marriage contract of Herakleides and Demetria. Herakleides takes
3Demetria the Koan as his lawful wife, from her father Leptines, Koan, and her mother Philotis, a free man
4a free woman, (Demetria) bringing clothing and ornaments to the value of 1000 drachmas, and Herakleides is to supply to Demetria
5all that is proper for a freeborn wife, and we shall live together wherever it seems best to Leptines and Herakleides
6consulting in common. If Demetria is discovered doing any evil to the shame of her husband Herakleides,
7she is to be deprived of all that she brought, but Herakleides shall prove whatever he alleges against Demetria before three men
8 whom they both approve. It shall not be permitted for Herakleides to bring home another wife in insult of Demetria or
9to have children by another woman or to do evil against Demetria on any pretext.
10If Herakleides is discovered doing any of these things and Demetria proves it before three men whom they
11both approve, Herakleides shall give back to Demetria the dowry of 1000 drachmas which she brought and shall moreover forfeit
121000 drachmas of the silver coinage of Alexander. The right of execution as if derived from a legally decided action shall be with Demetria and those aiding
13Demetria to exact payment upon Herakleides himself and upon all Herakleides' property both on land and on water. This contract
14shall be valid in every respect, as if the agreement had been made in that place wherever Herakleides may produce it against
15Demetria, or Demetria and those aiding Demetria to exact payment may produce it against Herakleides. Herakleides
16and Demetria shall have the right to keep their contracts separately in their own custody and to produce them against each other. Witnesses:
17Kleon, Gelan; Antikrates, Temnitan; Lysis, Temnitan; Dionysios, Temnitan; Aristomachos, Cyrenaean; Aristodikos,
Places (read out from edition)


People mentioned in Text

ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
27145 man Alexandros, son of Alexandros the great (son of king!) Alexandros, Greek, Ancient



RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
Alexander IV 07 Dios 14 -310 July 17 BCE August 15 date in text: double date of Alexander and Ptol. I as Satrap;




DatasetID 307138
last Change 29.07.2022
Berlpap 03734
Trismegistos 5836
Papyri.info ddbdp/p.eleph;;1intdupl
Author Ruth Duttenhöfer
Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
Data set citation Data set 307138 (= Pap. Berlin P. 13500), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: Ruth Duttenhöfer.