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Pap. Padua, Museo Civico Aramaic Papyrus 2

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_308125.tei.xml



Collection Padua, Museo Civico
Inventory Number Pap. Padua, Museo Civico Aramaic Papyrus 2
Publication Number TAD A.3.4
Current Location museum collection other than Berlin
Publication Permission Status no permission for publication necessary
Publication Status published

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Elephantine (Ꜣbw; Yb; YbꜢ; YbꜤ; Ἐλεφαντίνη, יב , ⲉⲓⲏⲃ) [Trismegistos]
Certainty: high
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery find or purchase
Certainty: high
Finder (= First Purchaser) Belzoni, Giovanni Battista
Certainty: high
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Acquisition for the Intitution donation
Date of Acquisition for the Intitution between 1950 and
Transferor (Seller, Previous Owner) Belzoni heirs
Certainty: high


Object Type papyrus

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object recto/verso
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome
Script, Primary Aramaic, Imperial
Language, Primary Aramaic, Imperial
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines 6 1
Quantity of Columns 1 1
Height of Line / Letter


Text Content

Modern Title Letter
Text Types
  • documentary
  • documentary | letter
Summary of Content Letter re: unknown object, legal suit
Gender Woman Man Child
Comment on Gender Addressed to sender's mother, greetings to children



Transcription Translation Pictures
1אל אמי יהוישמע ברכ שלומ שלמ ושררת שגיא הושרת
2לכ שלמ גלגל תנה שלמ ינקיה וכעת זכ
3זילי הבה לפחנומ בר נבודלה ויעבד
4יגרוהי והנ איתי כספ הבי עלוהילשלמכי
5שלחת ספרה זנה שלמ אמי מנחמת שלמ שלמ
vso1אל אמייהוישמע ברת
1To [my] mother Jehoishma, your son Shallum. [I send]
2you [abundant (greetings) of welfare and strength]. Galgul is well here. Greetings to the children. And [n]o[w], that...
3of mine give it to Pakhnum son of Nabudalah and he will mak[e it for...]
4they will sue him. and if there is money, give (it) to him..[...]
5I have sent this letter [(to inquire) about your welfare]. Greetings to my mother Menahemeth. Greetings [to PN...Greetings to]
vso1[To] my [mother] Jehoishma daugh[ter...]
Reserved Copyright
Reserved Copyright
Places (read out from edition)


People mentioned in Text

ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
10055 Galgul גלגל



RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
-525 BCE -399 BCE ;



Reserved Copyright
Reserved Copyright




DatasetID 308125
last Change 29.07.2022
Trismegistos 89397
Author James D. Moore, Verena Lepper
Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
Data set citation Data set 308125 (= Pap. Padua, Museo Civico Aramaic Papyrus 2), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: James D. Moore, Verena Lepper.