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Pap. Cairo EM JdE 43487

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_308154.tei.xml



Collection Cairo, Egyptian Museum
Inventory Number Pap. Cairo EM JdE 43487
Publication Number TAD B.4.5; Sachau pap. 29 / taf. 15; Cowley 29; Grelot 6
Current Location Cairo, Egyptian Museum (transferred to the museum in 1912)

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Elephantine (Ꜣbw; Yb; YbꜢ; YbꜤ; Ἐλεφαντίνη, יב , ⲉⲓⲏⲃ) [Trismegistos]
Certainty: high
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]


Object Type papyrus

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object recto
Script-Fiber-Relation (for Payri) perpendicular (recto)
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
State of Preservation (Text) Status unknown. In Egypt.
Script, Primary Aramaic, Imperial
Language, Primary Aramaic, Imperial
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines 7 / 8 0 ?
Height of Line / Letter


Text Content

Modern Title Deed of Obligation
Ancient Archives (Uncertain)
Text Types
  • documentary | legal document
Summary of Content This is a promissory note or affidavit of Nathan son of Hosea to Islah son of Gaddul (presumably) before witnesses (much like Bodl. Heb. ms. 59). Nathan promises to pay back 4 sheqels within an approximately a nine month period.
Location of Composition Aswan / Syene Upper Egypt, 1st nome Egypt (Certainty: )
Multilingualism Monolingual Script = Language
Gender Man
Comment on Gender If the reading here is correct, the temple of the goddess Banit has a monetary standard.
Religion Judaism
Comment on Religion Aramean characters and temple.



Transcription Translation Pictures
1בירח מסורע שנת 10 111 11 1 1 1 דריוהוש מלכא ביב בירתא אמר נתנ בר הושע ארמי זי
2סונ לדגל נבוכדרי ליסלח בר גדול ארמי זי סונ לדגללאמר איתי לכ עלי
3כספ כרש חד שקלנ ארבעה הו סתתרי במנינ 111 111 1 איתי לכ עלי מנ קצת כספ
4דמי ביתבנתלמ אמ כ ר אנה נתנ אשלמ לכ כספא זנה
5כרש ח ד ת ארבעה עד ג ת ר ד ו ת ירח פחנס שנת 10 111 111 11 1 דריוהוש מלכא
61TAD moves the fragment here on the plate down one line. Cowley does not.ה והנ אנה כספא זנה כרש2TAD rightly moves the fragments together to form כרש. חד שקלנ ארבעה לא שלמת יהבת לכ
7בינ ירח

1 TAD moves the fragment here on the plate down one line. Cowley does not.
2 TAD rightly moves the fragments together to form כרש.

1In the month of Mesore, year [{16|17} of D]arius the king, in Fort-Elephantine, [Nathan son of] Hosea, an Aramean of
2Syene of the detachment of Nabukudurri, [(1) said] (2) to Is[lah] son of Gaddul, an Aramean of Syene of the detachment of [PN, sa]ying: "You have (a claim) on me (for)
3silver, [one] karsh, [four shekels, that is] in the amount of [7 sta]ters. [You have (a claim)] on me for part of the silver,
4according to the value of the Temple of Banit[...]? {your mother.| said} I, Nath[an, shall pa]y you this silver,
5one karsh, four (shekels), upto ???[???????] the month of Pahons, year 1[{7|8 of Dar]ius the king.
6[???????]h. And if [I have not p]aid (and) given you this silver, one karsh, fo[ur] shekels,
7within the month of [...]
Places (read out from edition)
  • יב (places.xml#s3)
  • סונ (places.xml#s8)
  • סונ (places.xml#s8)

    People mentioned in Text

    ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
    21655 woman Banit (Goddess) בנת Aramaic, Imperial



    RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
    Darius II 17/16 Mesore -408 October 29 BCE 407 November 27 CE No specific day is given.;







    DatasetID 308154
    last Change 29.07.2022
    Trismegistos 89475
    Author James D. Moore, Verena Lepper
    Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
    (CC BY-NC-SA)
    Data set citation Data set 308154 (= Pap. Cairo EM JdE 43487), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: James D. Moore, Verena Lepper.