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Pap. Berlin P. P 13446/B

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_308240.tei.xml



Collection Berlin, Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, SPK (P)
Inventory Number Pap. Berlin P. P 13446/B
Publication Number TAD C.1.1; TAD C.3.7
Current Location magazine | papyrus depository

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Elephantine (Ꜣbw; Yb; YbꜢ; YbꜤ; Ἐλεφαντίνη, יב , ⲉⲓⲏⲃ) [Trismegistos]
Certainty: high
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery archaeological excavation
Date of Discovery
Term. Ante / Post Quem Non
between 1 1 1907 and 16 1 1907
Finder (= First Purchaser) Rubensohn, Otto / Zucker, Friedrich (excavation directors)
Location of Find / Purchase in Egypt Elephantine
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Acquisition for the Intitution partage


Object Type papyrus
State of Preservation Fragments arranged by Sachau and Zucker between 1907 (date of find) and 1911 (date of publication).

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object recto
Script-Fiber-Relation (for Payri) parallel
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
Range of Preservation (Text) incomplete
Script, Primary Aramaic, Imperial
Script, additional A Aramaic, Imperial
Language, Primary Aramaic, Imperial
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines 15 0
Quantity of Columns 1 0
Line Lenght (in mm) 2575
Height of Line / Letter


Text Content

Ancient Title ספר מלי אחיקר ספר ומהיר
Modern Title The Story of Ahiqar; The Legend of Ahiqar; Ahikar; Achikar; Achiqar; Aḥiqar; Aḥîqār; אחיקר
Text Types
  • literary
  • literary | biography
  • literary | historic
  • literary | narrative
  • literary | narrative | prose
  • literary | wisdom | instruction
Summary of Content Continuation of autobiographical narrative from pl. A. See ID 306611 for text and translation.
Location of Composition unknown unknown Egypt (Certainty: unknown)
Comments on Text Plates A, B, C, and D contain narrative content, so too do the versos of plates H and L. The material of plates H.v and L.v does not belong to material of plates A–G, J, and K. Plates H.v and L.v. plus many lost fragments, may have contained one of the Vorlagen used to copy the de lux edition retained on the recto of the other surviving plates. The text of plate D.r.i.15 has no equivalent on pl. H.v. and may either be a gloss or a line supplied from another Vorlage. Sections of the narrative of Ahiqar survive in many ancient languages and manuscripts. The story is most well-known from the Syriac recension (S2, Camb. Cod. Add. 2020) edited by J. Rendell Harris in 1898 (revised 1913), though many other Syriac recensions exist. The earliest surviving Syriac manuscript (BM 7200, Harris' S1) is a unique recension and a fragmentary manuscript that dates from the 12th or 13th century CE. An early Greek edition must have survived and must have been the basis for the adaption of the narrative in a section of the Life of Aesop, the earliest surviving manuscripts of which date to the 3rd cent. CE (Oxyrh. Pap. 47 no. 3331 and 53 no. 3720). Early manuscripts of the narrative of Ahiqar, such as the Demotic Egyptian fragments (Berlin p. 23729 and Cairo Frag.) are composed in third person narration. Elephantine and Syriac retain an older first-person autobiographical narration (so too some later [and currently unpublished] Karshuni and Arabic manuscripts). The Elephantine edition of the narrative differs from the Syriac in wording and details, though the general narrative outline, settings, and central characters are the same. For a discussion of the maxims, see plates E–H, J–L.
Multilingualism Script = Language
Gender Child Man
Comment on Gender In the Elephantine copy on the recto, but not the verso, Ahiqar is a eunuch (pl. D.i.15), and this is less apparent in later editions of the tale. The theme of adoption is present. Reference to Ahiqar's sister is made. Male/eunuch age and professional abilities. Retirement of an old scribal male/eunuch.
Religion Syncretism
Comment on Religion Assyrian/Aramean/Hebrew dieties ("gods" "Shamash") are mentioned in the proverbs. Found among "Judean" texts. Pl. A lines 1 and 2 may refer to a diety, but restoration is uncertain.



Transcription Translation Pictures
1שב אנה לא אכהל למפלח בבב היכלא[◦◦◦◦◦◦◦◦◦◦◦◦◦◦◦◦◦◦◦◦◦◦◦◦◦◦◦◦◦◦◦]
2ה א י נדנ שמה ברי רבא והו יחלפ לי ספרא אלפתה ספרא ועבידתי יעבד
3בבית עזקה יהוה לכ אפ חכמתי ועטתי יהבת לה ענה אסרחאדנ
4מלכ אתור ואמר לי כותא למ יהוה יחלפכ ספרא
5 יהוה חלפיכ עבידתכ הו יעבד כזי
6קימא יהיבא אזלת לי לביתי ברי
7זי רבית והקימת בבב היכלא ויהב מלכא אסרחאדנ ימינה לה
8בלבי אמרת הו טבתא יבעה עלי והפכ מנ מלי‏ ולא שמע מלי
9בר אחתי זי אנה רבית עשת עלי בישתא בלבה וכתב אגרת מנ פומי ואמר מלכי
10למ קציא לנ אכל אחיקר כתב אגרתא זכ לבעלדבבכ למעבד קרב לכ כזי עביד
111extra strokeלשנחאריב מלכא אבוכ
12חכימ הו ועל עטתה ומלוהי הות אתור כלא
13שגיא ירגש מלנ שמע
14כזי ברי זי לא ברי ב ד ר א[ עלי
152Undecipherable traces

1 extra strokeל
2 Undecipherable traces
Places (read out from edition)
  • אתור (places.xml#c16)
  • אתור (places.xml#c16)

    People mentioned in Text

    ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
    3705 Ahikar אחיקר Aramaic, Imperial



    RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
    Palimpsest date of 475 BC. Terminus of Aramaic Papyri 399 BC. The palimpsest is an Egyptian Aramaic customs account. Presumably the roll remained in Egypt in antiquity. ;







    DatasetID 308240
    last Change 29.07.2022
    Trismegistos 89515
    Author James D. Moore
    Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
    (CC BY-NC-SA)
    Data set citation Data set 308240 (= Pap. Berlin P. P 13446/B), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: James D. Moore.