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Ostr. London, British Library 12441

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_309410.tei.xml



Inventory Number Ostr. London, British Library 12441
Publication Number O.Wilck. 31
Current Location London, British Library
Publication Status published

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Elephantine (Ꜣbw; Yb; YbꜢ; YbꜤ; Ἐλεφαντίνη, יב , ⲉⲓⲏⲃ) [Trismegistos]
Certainty: low
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery purchase
Finder (= First Purchaser) Chester, Greville John
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Acquisition for the Intitution purchase
Transferor (Seller, Previous Owner) Chester, Greville John
Certainty: high
Buyer (Currently Housing Institution) Krall, Jakob
Certainty: high


Object Type ostracon
Dating between 69 and 79
Criteria for Dating date in text
Range of Preservation incomplete
State of Preservation broken at right

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object convex (outside)
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
Range of Preservation (Text) incomplete
State of Preservation (Text) broken at right
Script, Primary Greek
Language, Primary Greek, Ancient
Comments on Handwriting documentary, hand of Melanthis, son of Hermodotos.
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines 6
Quantity of Columns 1


Text Content

Modern Title Receipt for poll tax (laographia)
Ancient Scribe(s) of Text
Text Types
  • documentary | receipt | tax receipt
Summary of Content receipt for laographia in the reign of Vespasian, written out and signed by Melanthis, son of Hermodotos.
Location of Composition Elephantine Upper Egypt, 1st nome Egypt (Certainty: high)
Comments on Text corr. l. 5-6, hand Melanthis
Multilingualism Monolingual Script = Language
Gender Man
Religion unknown



Transcription Translation Pictures
1διέγραψεν - 9 -
2ὑπὲρ λαογραφίας ̣ ̣ ̣ ̣ ̣ ̣ ἔτους
3Οὐεσπασειανοῦ τοῦ κυρίου 1 l. Οὐεσπασια[νοῦ]
4Φαρμοῦθι δ ἀργυ(ρίου) δραχ(μὰς)
5δέκα ἓξ, (γίνονται) ιϛ. Μελάνθις 2ed. [(ἔτους) ̣ ̣ ̣ ̣ ̣ ̣ ̣]
6Ἑρμοδότου ἔγραψα. 3ed. Σεβαστοῦ. ἔγρ[αψα ̣ ̣ ̣ ̣ ̣ ̣]

1 l. Οὐεσπασια[νοῦ]
2 ed. [(ἔτους) ̣ ̣ ̣ ̣ ̣ ̣ ̣]
3 ed. Σεβαστοῦ. ἔγρ[αψα ̣ ̣ ̣ ̣ ̣ ̣]
1Thus has paid ---
2for poll tax of year ?
3of Vespasian the lord,
4Pharmouthi 4, silver drachmas
5sixteen, = 16 dr. Melanthis,
6son of Hermodotos, I have written.
Reserved Copyright
Reserved Copyright
Places (read out from edition)


People mentioned in Text

ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
5 (unknown) (Unknown) (Unknown) German



RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
Vespasian ? Pharmuthi 04 69 March 30 CE 79 March 30 CE date in text;



Reserved Copyright
Reserved Copyright




DatasetID 309410
last Change 29.07.2022
Trismegistos 76611
Papyri.info ddbdp/o.wilck;;31
Author Ruth Duttenhöfer
Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
Data set citation Data set 309410 (= Ostr. London, British Library 12441), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: Ruth Duttenhöfer.