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Ostr. London, British Library 14020 (5791j)

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Inventory Number Ostr. London, British Library 14020 (5791j)
Publication Number O.Wilck. 27
Current Location London, British Library
Publication Status published

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Elephantine (Ꜣbw; Yb; YbꜢ; YbꜤ; Ἐλεφαντίνη, יב , ⲉⲓⲏⲃ) [Trismegistos]
Certainty: low
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery purchase
Certainty: high
Finder (= First Purchaser) Chester, Greville John
Certainty: high
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Acquisition for the Intitution purchase
Transferor (Seller, Previous Owner) Chester, Greville John
Certainty: high
Buyer (Currently Housing Institution) Krall, Jakob
Certainty: high


Object Type ostracon
Criteria for Dating date in text
Range of Preservation complete

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object convex (outside)
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
Range of Preservation (Text) complete
Script, Primary Greek
Language, Primary Greek, Ancient
Comments on Handwriting documentary, hand of Melanthis.
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines 6
Quantity of Columns 1


Text Content

Modern Title receipt for trade tax
Ancient Archives private archive | inidividual tax payer
Ancient Scribe(s) of Text
Text Types
  • documentary | receipt | tax receipt
Summary of Content receipt for cheironaxion of year 8 of Vespasian, paid by Phenopis, son of Pachompaonnophris, with signature of (praktor) Melanthis
Location of Composition Elephantine Upper Egypt, 1st nome Egypt (Certainty: high)
Comments on Text corr. l. 1 Abkürzung beim Namen Pachompaonnophris, l. 3 Vespaseianou, l. 4 loipas
Multilingualism Monolingual Script = Language
Gender Man
Religion unknown



Transcription Translation Pictures
1διέγραψεν Φενῶπις Παχομπαοννώφεως
2ὑπὲρ χιρωναξίου 1 l. χει(ρωναξίου) ὠγδόου 2 l. ὀγδόου ἔτους
3Οὐεσπασειανοῦ 3l. Οὐεσπασιανοῦ τοῦ κυρίου
4Μεσορὴ λ̅ τὰς λοιπὰς ἀργυρίου δραχμὰς
5ὠγκτὼ 4 l. ὀκτὼ (γίνονται) (δραχμαὶ) ιβ. Μελάνθις

1 l. χει(ρωναξίου)
2 l. ὀγδόου
3 l. Οὐεσπασιανοῦ
4 l. ὀκτὼ
1Thus has paid Phanophis, son of Pachompaonnophris,
2for trade tax of the eighth year
3of Vespasian the lord,
4Mesore 30, the remaining eight silver
5drachmae, = 8 dr. Melanthis,
6I have written.
Reserved Copyright
Reserved Copyright
Places (read out from edition)


People mentioned in Text

ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
13140 man Melanthis (son of Hermodotos) praktor Μελανθις Greek, Ancient



RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
Vespasian 08 Mesore 30 76 August 23 CE date in text;



Reserved Copyright
Reserved Copyright




DatasetID 309445
last Change 29.07.2022
Trismegistos 76607
Papyri.info ddbdp/o.wilck;;27
Author Ruth Duttenhöfer
Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
Data set citation Data set 309445 (= Ostr. London, British Library 14020 (5791j)), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: Ruth Duttenhöfer.