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Ostr. London, British Library 14041 (5791b)

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Inventory Number Ostr. London, British Library 14041 (5791b)
Publication Number O.Wilck. 25
Current Location London, British Library
Publication Status published

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Elephantine (Ꜣbw; Yb; YbꜢ; YbꜤ; Ἐλεφαντίνη, יב , ⲉⲓⲏⲃ) [Trismegistos]
Certainty: low
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery purchase
Certainty: high
Finder (= First Purchaser) Chester, Greville John
Certainty: high
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Acquisition for the Intitution purchase
Transferor (Seller, Previous Owner) Chester, Greville John
Certainty: high
Buyer (Currently Housing Institution) Krall, Jakob
Certainty: high


Object Type ostracon
Criteria for Dating date in text
Range of Preservation complete

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object convex (outside)
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
Range of Preservation (Text) complete
Script, Primary Greek
Language, Primary Greek, Ancient
Comments on Handwriting documentary, hand of Melanthis
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines 7
Quantity of Columns 1


Text Content

Modern Title Receipt for poll tax (laographia)
Ancient Scribe(s) of Text
Text Types
  • documentary | receipt | tax receipt
Summary of Content receipt of (praktor) Melanthis for laographia of year 6 of Vespasian, paid by Phanophis, son of Pachompaonnophris (archive), with signature of Melanthis.
Location of Composition Elephantine Upper Egypt, 1st nome Egypt (Certainty: high)
Comments on Text corr. l. 5: l(oipas) was missing in transcript
Multilingualism Monolingual Script = Language
Gender Man
Religion unknown



Transcription Translation Pictures
1διέγραψεν Φενῶπις Παχομπαουοννώφεως
2ὑπὲρ λαογραφίας ἕκτου ἔτους
3Οὐεσπασειανοῦ 1 l. Οὐεσπασιανοῦ τοῦ κυρίου
4Παχὼν δ̅ ἐπὶ λόγου ἀργυρίου δραχμὰς ὠγ-
5κτώ 2l. ὀκτώ (γίνονται) (δραχμαὶ) η. ὁμοίως η̅ τὰς λοιπὰς ἀργυρίου 3ed. ὁμ(οίως) η τὰς ἀργυ(ρίου)
6δραχμὰς ὠγκτώ 4 l. ὀκτώ, (γίνονται) (δραχμαὶ) ιϛ. Μελάνθις

1 l. Οὐεσπασιανοῦ
2 l. ὀκτώ
3 ed. ὁμ(οίως) η τὰς ἀργυ(ρίου)
4 l. ὀκτώ
1Thus has paid Phanophis, son of Pachompaonnophris,
2for poll tax of the sixth year
3of Vespasian the lord,
4Pachon 4, on account, eight silver drachmae,
5= 8 dr. Ditto, on the 8.th (of Pachon), the remaining
6eight silver drachmae, = 16 dr. Melanthis,
7I have written.
Reserved Copyright
Reserved Copyright
Places (read out from edition)


People mentioned in Text

ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
13140 man Melanthis (son of Hermodotos) praktor Μελανθις Greek, Ancient



RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
Vespasian 06 Pachons 04 74 April 29 CE date in text;



Reserved Copyright
Reserved Copyright




DatasetID 309451
last Change 29.07.2022
Trismegistos 76605
Papyri.info ddbdp/o.wilck;;25
Author Ruth Duttenhöfer
Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
Data set citation Data set 309451 (= Ostr. London, British Library 14041 (5791b)), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: Ruth Duttenhöfer.