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Ostr. Paris, Louvre AF 12678

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_309553.tei.xml



Inventory Number Ostr. Paris, Louvre AF 12678
Publication Number AFP 58, 360
Current Location magazine
Publication Permission Status (unknown)
Publication Status published

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Elephantine (Ꜣbw; Yb; YbꜢ; YbꜤ; Ἐλεφαντίνη, יב , ⲉⲓⲏⲃ) [Trismegistos]
Certainty: low
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery archaeological excavation
Certainty: high
Finder (= First Purchaser) Clermont-Ganneau, Charles
Certainty: high
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]


Object Type ostracon
Dating of Object 5-7th cent. CE
Range of Preservation complete

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object convex (outside)
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
Range of Preservation (Text) incomplete
State of Preservation (Text) Eight lines of text, the last line is basically missing, other lines are also partly damaged.
Script, Primary Coptic
Language, Primary Coptic
Comments on Handwriting Document hand, cursive with ligatures.
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines 8
Quantity of Columns 1


Text Content

Text Types
  • documentary
  • documentary | contract
Summary of Content Lease contract for a room in a house between Sulaiman son of Georg (tenant) and Jannia daughter of Athanasi. Tybi 24, indiction 10.
Location of Composition Elephantine Upper Egypt, 1st nome Egypt (Certainty: medium)
Comments on Text Date and signature are Greek formulae, but it is a Coptic text.
Multilingualism Monolingual Script = Language
Gender Man Woman
Comment on Gender Lessee (tenant) is a man, lessor is a woman.
Religion Islam
Comment on Religion Lessee and probably also lessor seem to be converts to Islam, originally Coptic, as also their fathers` names suggest and the fact that they are writing this contract in Coptic rather than Arabic.



Transcription Translation Pictures
1// ϩⲙ︦ⲡⲣⲁⲛ ⲙ︦ⲡⲛⲟⲩⲧⲉ ⲡⲡⲁⲛⲧⲱⲕⲣⲁⲧⲱⲣ ⲉⲅⲣⲁⲉⲅⲣⲁⲫⲏ ⲙⲉⲛⲏ ⲧⲩⲧⲩⲃⲓ ⲕⲇ ⲓⲇⲓⲛⲇⲓⲕⲧⲓⲱⲛⲟⲥ ⲧⲉⲕⲁⲧⲉⲥ
2ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲥⲟⲩⲗⲁⲓⲙⲁⲛ ⲡϣⲏⲣⲉ ⲛⲅⲉⲟⲣ ⲉⲧⲥϩⲁⲓ ⲛ︦ⲓⲁⲛⲛⲓⲛⲁ ⲧϣⲉⲣⲉ ⲙ︦
3ⲡⲥⲁϩ ⲁⲑⲁⲛⲁⲥⲓ ⲭⲁⲣⲉⲓⲛ ⲧⲓϩⲟⲙⲟⲗⲟⲕⲓ ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲡⲉⲧϣⲣⲡ︦ⲥϩⲁⲓ
4ϫⲉ ⲧⲓⲙⲓⲥⲑⲩⲉ ⲛⲏ ⲉⲛⲧⲣⲉⲓ ⲉⲧϣⲟⲟⲡ ⲛⲏ ϩⲙ︦ⲡⲟⲩⲏⲓ ϩⲁⲟⲩ
5ⲧⲉⲣϩⲁⲙ ⲉⲧⲣⲟⲙⲡⲉ ϫⲓⲛⲙ︦ⲡⲟⲟⲩ ⲛ︦ϩⲟⲟⲩ ϣⲁⲡϫⲱⲕ
6ⲛ︦ⲛⲧⲣⲟⲙⲡⲉ ⲛ︦ⲛⲁⲧⲗⲁⲁⲩ ⲛ︦ϣⲁϫⲉ ⲛ︦ⲛⲁⲙⲫⲟⲓⲃⲟ
7 ⲗⲉⲓⲁ ⲉⲩⲱⲣϫ︦ ⲛⲏ ⲁⲓⲥⲙⲛ︦ⲧⲓⲙⲓⲥⲑⲓⲥ ⲧⲓⲥⲧⲟⲓⲥⲧⲟⲓⲭⲉⲓ
8ⲇⲓ ⲉⲙⲟⲩ ... ⲉⲅⲣⲁⲫⲉⲅⲣⲁⲫⲏ
1In the name of God Almighty. Written on Tybi 24, indiction 10.
2I, Sulaiman son of Georg, am writing to Jannina daughter of
3the master Athanasi. Greetings. I, the aforementioned, acknowledge
4that I rent from you the room which is in your house, for
5one dirham a year, from today until the end
6of the year, without any dispute.
7As surety (guarantee) for you I have issued this misthosis (lease contract), and I agree.
8Writ(ten by me ...)
Louvre AF_12678_S1_001
© 2020 Musée du Louvre, dist. RMN-Grand Palais/Christian Décamps
Reserved Copyright
Reserved Copyright
Places (read out from edition)


People mentioned in Text

ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
17750 woman Jannina daughter of the master Athanasi ⲓⲁⲛⲛⲓⲁ ⲧϣⲉⲣⲉ ⲙⲡⲥⲁϩ ⲁⲑⲁⲛⲁⲥⲓ Coptic



Louvre AF_12678_S1_001
© 2020 Musée du Louvre, dist. RMN-Grand Palais/Christian Décamps
Reserved Copyright
Reserved Copyright




DatasetID 309553
last Change 29.07.2022
Trismegistos 172221
Author Andrea Hasznos
Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
Data set citation Data set 309553 (= Ostr. Paris, Louvre AF 12678), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: Andrea Hasznos.