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in situ in situ

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_309612.tei.xml



Collection in situ
Inventory Number in situ in situ
Publication Number SB Kopt. 2 1060
Current Location in situ
Publication Permission Status (unknown)
Publication Status published

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Aswan / Syene (Swn; Συήνη, סונ, ⲥⲟⲩⲁⲁⲛ) [Trismegistos]
Certainty: high
Ancient Provenance Details graffito in a tomb adjoining that of Khunas on the west bank opposite Aswan (Griffith-Crowfoot, p.7)
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery find (unspecified)
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]


Object Type dipinto
Dating of Object 1173 CE
Criteria for Dating date in text
Range of Preservation complete
State of Preservation Somewhat faded, but visible script on the wall.

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object one-sided
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
Range of Preservation (Text) complete
State of Preservation (Text) Text more or less complete, with some lacunae.
Script, Primary Coptic
Language, Primary Coptic
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines 11
Quantity of Columns 1


Text Content

Text Types
  • documentary
Summary of Content A record of a historical event written on the wall of a once tomb. It concerns the Turks coming to Egypt and taking the fortress of (Qasr) Ibrim, the date is Martyr Era 889, Tybi 22 (=17.01.1173 CE).
Location of Composition Aswan / Syene Upper Egypt, 1st nome Egypt (Certainty: high)
Multilingualism Monolingual Script = Language
Gender Man
Religion Christianity



Transcription Translation Pictures
side 1
1ϩⲣⲁⲓ ⲇⲉ ϩⲙⲡⲟⲟⲩ ⲛϩⲟⲟⲩ ⲥⲟⲩ ⲕ︦ⲃ︦
2ⲛ︦ⲧⲱⲃⲉ ⲡⲟϩ ⲥⲟⲩ ⲁ︦ ⲬⲢ ⲘⲢ ⲱ︦ⲡ︦ⲑ︦
3ⲁⲥϣⲱⲡⲉ ⲇⲉ ϩⲛⲧⲛⲇⲉⲣⲱ ⲛ︦
4ⲧⲟⲩⲣⲕⲟⲥ ϩⲣⲁⲓ ϩⲛⲧⲉⲭⲱⲣⲁ ⲧⲉ︦ⲣⲥ︦ ⲧⲏⲣⲥ︦
5ⲛ︦ ⲅⲉⲙⲏ ⲕⲏⲙⲉ ⲉⲣⲉⲡⲛⲓ̈ⲱⲧ ⲁⲃⲃⲁ ⲙⲁⲣⲕⲟⲥ
6ⲱ︦ ⲛⲁⲣⲭⲏⲉⲡⲓⲥⲕ,ⲁⲣⲭⲓⲉⲡⲓⲥⲕⲟⲡⲟⲥ ⲉⲧⲡⲟⲗⲓⲥ ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓ̈ⲁ
7ⲁⲩⲱ ϩⲛ︦ⲛⲉⲓϩⲟⲟⲩ ⲛ︦ⲁⲙⲃⲁ ⲑⲉⲱⲇⲟⲣⲟⲥ ⲡⲉⲡⲓⲥⲕ,ⲉⲡⲓⲥⲕⲟⲡⲟⲥ
8ⲛⲧⲡ ⲥⲟⲩⲁⲁⲛ ⲁⲩⲓ̈ ⲉⲣⲏ ⲛ︦ϭⲓ ⲛⲧⲟⲩⲣⲕⲟⲥ
9ⲁⲩⲃⲱⲕ ϣⲁⲡⲣⲓⲙ ⲁⲩⲱⲛ ⲙⲙⲟⲥ ϩⲛ︦ⲥⲟ ⲍ︦ ⲛ︦
10ⲧⲱⲃⲉ ⲁⲩϭⲟⲡ ⲟⲛ ⲙⲡⲉ ⲧⲛ︦ ϩⲩⲧⲥ
11ⲁⲩⲱ ⲁⲩⲧⲁⲩ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ⲙⲙ
side 1
1Now, on that day, day 22
2of Tybi (Tobe), day 1 of the moon, Martyr Era 889,
3it happened in the rule of the
4Turks over the whole land of
5Egypt, while our father Abba Markos
6was archbishop of Alexandria,
7and in the days of Abba Theodoros, bishop
8of the town of Syene (Aswan): the Turks came south
9and went to (Qasr) Ibrim, they took it on the seventh day
10of Tybi (Tobe), they seized ...
11and they sold them ...
Places (read out from edition)
  • ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓ̈ⲁ (places.xml#s22)
  • ⲥⲟⲩⲁⲁⲛ (places.xml#s8)
  • ⲡⲣⲓⲙ (places.xml#s154)

    People mentioned in Text

    ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
    18880 man Markos, archbishop of Alexandria ⲁⲃⲃⲁ ⲙⲁⲣⲕⲟⲥ Coptic



    RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
    Martyr Era 889 Tybi 22 1173 January 17 CE date in text;




    DatasetID 309612
    last Change 29.07.2022
    Trismegistos 101878
    Author Andrea Hasznos
    Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
    (CC BY-NC-SA)
    Data set citation Data set 309612 (= in situ in situ), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: Andrea Hasznos.