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Le. London, British Library Pap 4 D

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_309638.tei.xml



Inventory Number Le. London, British Library Pap 4 D
Publication Number P. Lond. Copt 448
Current Location magazine
Publication Permission Status (unknown)
Publication Status published

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Aswan / Syene (Swn; Συήνη, סונ, ⲥⲟⲩⲁⲁⲛ) [Trismegistos]
Certainty: high
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery purchase
Finder (= First Purchaser) Legh, M.Th.
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]


Object Type leather
Range of Preservation complete
State of Preservation The sheet itself seems to be complete, but the ink is quite badly rubbed off/faded.

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object two-sided
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
Range of Preservation (Text) incomplete
State of Preservation (Text) Much rubbed off/faded, difficult to read.
Script, Primary Coptic
Language, Primary Coptic
Comments on Handwriting Regular, sloping hand, relatively small letters.
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines 38 2+x
Quantity of Columns 1 1
Height of Line / Letter


Text Content

Text Types
  • documentary
  • documentary | will/testament
Summary of Content Will in which Eudoxia of Kelsei on the east bank daughter of Sergius and Natia addresses Maria, Seion and Athanasia daughters of Joseph the sailor and of Eirene of the same town. She recalls the loan by Joseph (since deceased) of 19 solidi (holokott.) to her grandmother Thecla (cf. Pap 4 A) and mother and the further loan to herself of 9 solidi and she now confirms to the daughters of Joseph the possession of her whole ⲕⲧⲏⲙⲁ (property) "from its southern to its northern boundary". The deed is dated the 19th Phaophi, 3rd indiction.
Location of Composition unknown unknown Egypt (Certainty: )
Comments on Text Nubian towns, people mentioned - probably written somewhere in Lower Nubia.
Multilingualism Monolingual Script = Language
Gender Man Woman
Comment on Gender woman will owner
Religion Christianity



Transcription Translation Pictures
side 1
1ⲛ ⲟⲛⲟⲙⲁⲧⲓ ⲧⲟⲩ ⲡⲁⲧⲣⲟⲥ ⲕⲁⲓ ⲧⲟⲩ ⲩⲓⲟⲩ ⲕⲁⲓ ⲧⲟⲩ ⲁⲅⲓⲟⲩ ⲡ︦ⲛ︦ⲁ︦ⲧⲟⲥ ⲓⲛⲇⲓⲕ,ⲓⲛⲇⲓⲕⲧⲓⲱⲛⲧⲣⲓⲧⲏⲥ ⲫⲁⲱⲫⲓ ⲓ︦ⲑ̣︦
2ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲉⲩⲇⲟⲝⲓⲁ ⲧϣⲉⲉⲣⲉ ⲙⲡⲙⲁⲕⲁⲣⲓⲟⲥ ⲥⲉⲣⲕⲏⲥ ⲧⲁⲙⲁⲁⲩⲧⲉ ⲧⲙⲁ
3ⲕⲁⲣⲓⲁ ⲛⲁⲧⲓⲁ ⲧⲣⲙⲧⲡⲟⲗⲓⲥ ⲕⲏⲗⲥⲉⲓ ⲡⲉⲓⲉⲃⲧ ⲉⲓⲥϩⲁⲓ ⲙⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁ ⲧϣⲉⲉⲣⲉ
4ⲡⲙⲁⲕⲁⲣⲓⲟⲥ ⲓⲱⲥⲏⲫ ⲡⲛⲉⲉϥ ⲧⲉϥⲙⲁⲁⲩⲧⲉ ⲉⲓⲣⲏⲛⲏ ⲡⲣⲙⲧⲕⲉⲡⲟⲗⲓⲥ
5ⲕⲏⲗⲥⲉⲓ ⲙⲡⲉⲓⲃⲧ ϫⲉ ⲉⲡⲉⲓⲇⲏ ⲁⲧⲙⲁⲁⲩ ⲛⲧⲁⲙⲁⲁⲩ ⲑⲉⲕⲗⲁ ⲙⲛⲧⲁⲙⲁⲁⲩ
6ⲛⲁⲧⲓⲁ ⲉⲓ ⲉⲣⲁⲧϥ ⲛⲓⲱⲥⲏⲫ ⲡⲉⲧⲛⲉⲓⲱⲧ ⲁⲩϫⲓⲙⲛⲧⲯⲓⲥ ⲛϩⲟⲗⲟⲕⲟⲧ,ϩⲟⲗⲟⲕⲟⲧⲧⲓⲛⲟⲥ
8ⲛⲉⲓϣⲓⲡⲁ ⲛⲁϥ ⲁⲩⲱ ⲟⲛ ⲁⲩⲥϩⲁⲓ
9ⲛⲁϥ ⲟⲛ ⲉⲧⲃⲉⲡⲉⲓⲙⲛⲧⲯⲓⲥ ⲛϩⲟⲗⲟⲕⲟⲧ,ϩⲟⲗⲟⲕⲟⲧⲧⲓⲛⲟⲥⲙⲛⲛⲥⲱⲟⲩ ⲁⲛⲟⲕ
10ⲉⲩⲇⲟⲝⲓⲁ ⲁⲓⲉⲓ
11ⲁⲓⲉⲓⲛⲉ ⲛⲟⲩⲕⲟⲩⲓ ⲙⲙⲉⲣⲟⲥ
12ⲙⲡⲕⲟⲩⲓ ⲙⲙⲉⲣⲟⲥ ⲁⲓϫⲓⲯⲓⲥ ⲛϩⲟⲗⲟⲕⲟⲧ,ϩⲟⲗⲟⲕⲟⲧⲧⲓⲛⲟⲥ ⲁⲓϯⲡⲕⲟⲩⲓ ⲙⲙⲉⲣⲟⲥ ⲛⲁⲩ
13ⲉⲓⲡⲱⲗϭ ⲛⲙⲙⲁⲩ ⲙⲛⲛⲥⲁⲛⲁⲉⲓⲟⲧⲉ ⲛⲉⲓϩⲟⲗⲟⲕⲟⲧ,ϩⲟⲗⲟⲕⲟⲧⲧⲓⲛⲟⲥ ⲧⲏⲣⲟⲩ ⲛⲧⲁⲛ
14ϫⲓⲧⲟⲩ ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲙⲛⲛⲁⲉⲓⲟⲧⲉ ⲥⲉⲉⲓⲣⲉ ⲛϫⲟⲩⲧϣⲙⲏⲛ ⲛ
15ⲛⲕⲏ ⲧⲉⲛⲟⲩ ⲇⲉ ϩⲣⲁⲓ ϩⲙⲡⲟⲟⲩ ⲛϩⲟⲟⲩ ⲙⲛⲛⲕⲉϩⲟⲟⲩ ⲧⲏⲣⲟⲩ
16ⲉⲧⲛⲏⲩ ⲛⲧⲟ ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁ ⲙⲛⲥⲉⲓⲱⲛ ⲙⲛⲁⲑⲁⲛⲁⲥⲓⲁ ⲛⲧⲱⲧⲛ ⲉⲧⲟ ⲛϫⲟⲉⲓⲥ
17ⲉϫⲛⲡⲉⲓⲕⲧⲏⲙⲁ ϩⲛⲙⲙⲛⲧϫⲟⲉⲓⲥ ⲛⲓⲙ ⲉⲧⲣⲁⲛⲏⲧⲛ ⲛⲉⲧⲉⲧⲛⲟⲩⲱϣ
18ⲉⲧⲁⲁϥ ⲛⲛⲉⲧⲛϣⲏⲣⲉ ⲙⲛⲉⲧⲛϣⲉⲉⲣⲉ ϩⲁⲡⲗⲱⲥ ⲛⲧⲱⲧⲛ ϫⲟⲉⲓⲥ
19ⲉϫⲛⲡⲉⲓⲕⲧⲏⲙⲁ ϫⲓⲛⲡⲧⲟϣ ⲙⲡⲣⲏⲥ ϣⲁⲡⲧⲟϣ ⲙⲡⲉⲙϩⲓⲧ ϫⲓⲛ
20ⲁⲓⲙⲡⲟⲟⲩ ⲛⲧⲱⲧⲛ ⲛⲉⲧⲟ ⲛϫⲟⲉⲓⲥ ⲉϫⲛⲡⲉⲓⲕⲧⲏⲙⲁ ϣⲁⲛϣⲏⲣⲉ
21ⲛⲛⲉⲧⲛϣⲏⲣⲉ ⲁⲩⲱ ϣⲁⲛⲅⲉⲛⲉⲁ ⲧⲏⲣⲟⲩ ⲉⲧⲛⲏⲩ ⲙⲛⲛⲥⲱⲥ
22ϣⲁϫⲉ ⲛⲙⲙⲏⲧⲛ ⲉⲓⲧⲉ ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲡⲉⲧϣⲣⲡⲥϩⲁⲓ ⲉⲓⲧⲉ ⲛⲁϣⲏⲣⲉ ⲉⲓⲧⲉ ⲛϣⲏⲣⲉ
23 ⲉⲓⲧⲉ
24ⲙⲁⲣⲟⲩϣⲱⲡⲉ ⲛϣⲙⲙⲟ ⲉⲡⲉⲓⲱⲧ ⲙⲛⲡϣⲏⲣⲉ ⲙⲛⲡⲉⲡⲛⲁ ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲁⲁⲃ
25 ⲁⲩⲱ
26ⲉⲧⲉ ⲛⲁⲓ ⲛⲉ
side 2
1ⲧⲇⲓⲁⲑⲏⲕⲏ ⲛⲉⲩⲇⲟⲝⲓⲁ ⲛⲧⲁⲥⲥⲙⲛⲧϥ ⲥⲉⲓⲱⲛ ⲙⲛⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁ ⲙⲛⲁⲑⲁⲛⲁⲥⲓⲁ
side 1
1In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. 3rd indiction, Phaophi 19 (?).
2I, Eudoxia daughter of the blessed Sergius and the
3blessed Natia, of the town Kelsei on the east (bank), am writing to Maria daughter
4of the blessed Joseph the sailor and Eirene, of the same town
5Kelsei on the east (bank). Saying: after the mother of my mother, Thecla, and my mother
6Natia came to Joseph, your father, they received 19 solidi
7from him (...)
8(...) and they also wrote
9him about this 19 solidi. After them I,
10Eudoxia came (...)
11I brought a small part (...)
12of (?) the small part. I received 9 solidi, I gave the small part to them,
13and I agreed with them after my parents. All these solidi that we
14received, I and my parents, equal 28 (solidi...).
15And now, on this day and all the days
16to come, you, Maria and Seion and Athanasia are owners
17of this property in all ownership, if you wish
18to give it to your children, absolutely (...)
19over this property from the southern border to the northern border (...)
20(...) you are the owners of this property down to the children
21of your children and all generations to come afterwards (...)
22(...) talk to you (pl.), either I who writes first, or my children or (...)
24let them be strangers to the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit (...)
25(...) and (...)
26that is (...)
side 2
1The will of Eudoxia, which she confirmed (for?) Seion, and Maria and Athanasia
Reserved Copyright
Reserved Copyright
Places (read out from edition)
  • ⲕⲏⲗⲥⲉⲓ (places.xml#127)
  • ⲕⲏⲗⲥⲉⲓ (places.xml#127)

    People mentioned in Text

    ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
    15980 woman Athanasia ⲁⲑⲁⲛⲁⲥⲓⲁ Coptic



    Reserved Copyright
    Reserved Copyright




    DatasetID 309638
    last Change 29.07.2022
    Trismegistos 86136
    Author Andrea Hasznos
    Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
    (CC BY-NC-SA)
    Data set citation Data set 309638 (= Le. London, British Library Pap 4 D), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: Andrea Hasznos.