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Pap. London, British Library Pap 1791

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_310333.tei.xml



Inventory Number Pap. London, British Library Pap 1791
Publication Number P.Lond. V 1732
Current Location London, British Library
Publication Status published

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Aswan / Syene (Swn; Συήνη, סונ, ⲥⲟⲩⲁⲁⲛ) [Trismegistos]
Certainty: high
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery purchase
Certainty: high
Finder (= First Purchaser) R. de Rustafjaell
Certainty: high
Location of Find / Purchase in Egypt Aswan / Syene
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Acquisition for the Intitution purchase
Date of Acquisition for the Intitution between 1907 and
Transferor (Seller, Previous Owner) Harold I. Bell
Certainty: high


Object Type papyrus
Dating between 586 and
Criteria for Dating date in text
Range of Preservation complete

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object recto/verso
Script-Fiber-Relation (for Payri) parallel (verso) and perpendicular (recto)
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
Range of Preservation (Text) complete
Script, Primary Greek
Language, Primary Greek, Ancient
Comments on Handwriting documentary, byzantine cursive, scribe Aurelius Iakob, son of Apa Dios
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines 10 1
Quantity of Columns 1 1
Height of Line / Letter


Text Content

Modern Title Surety bond
Ancient Archives private archive | Patermouthis
Ancient Scribe(s) of Text
Text Types
  • documentary
  • documentary | contract
Summary of Content Iakob, an otherwise unknown boatman, guarantees to Patermouthis that two other persons will appear at an arbitration hearing before a judge and will accept his decision. He supports his guarantee with a pledge of three gold solidi. Presumably Patermouthis was party to the arbitration. (Farber/Porten D 44)
Location of Composition Aswan / Syene Upper Egypt, 1st nome Egypt (Certainty: )
Comments on Text ok (hands ok) translation J. J. Farber in Pap.Eleph.Eng. (1996) D44
Multilingualism Monolingual Script = Language
Gender Man Woman
Religion Christianity
Comment on Religion Christogramm



Transcription Translation Pictures
1Αὐρήλιος Ἰακὼβ υἱὸς Ἄπα Δίου ναύτης ἀπὸ ΣυήνηςΦλαυΐῳ Παθερμουθίῳ
2υἱῷ Μηνᾶ σ̣τ̣ρατιώτῃ 1 corr. ex συη ἀριθμοῦ Φιλῶν ναυτης 2 l. ναύτῃ ἀπὸ τῆς αὐτῆς Συήνης χαίρειν. ὁμολογῶ
3ἐγὼ ὁ προγεγραμμένος ἐγγυᾶσθαι καὶ ἀναδεδέχθαι τὸν Ψανο καὶ Σανμοου
4ὥσδε 3 l. ὥστε παρασκευσαι 4l. παρασκευάσαι εἰς δίαιταν τῷ εὐδοκιμωτάτῳ Μά̣ρκῳ τῷ λογιωτάτῳ δικα̣στην 5 l. δικαστῇ
5ὥσδε 6 l. ὥστε ἀγροᾶ̣σθαι 7l. ἀκροᾶσθαι καὶ στέρξαι καὶ ἐμμεῖναι τα 8l. τοῖς ὁρισθησομενα 9 l. ὁρισθησομένοις εἰ δὲ μὴ στερξαι 10 l. στέρξειαν
6καὶ ἐμμειναι 11l. ἐμμείνειαν τα 12l. τοῖς κριτηρια 13 l. κριτηρίοις ἐφʼ ᾧ ἐμὲ του 14 l. τὸν ἐγγυητου 15 l. ἐγγυητὴν παρασχεῖν ὑπὲρ παραβασίας
7χρυσοῦ νομίσματα τρεία 16l. τρία ζυγῷ Συήνης κα̣τὰ πρᾶγμα, πρᾶγμα κ̣α̣ὶ̣ εἰς ὴν 17l. <σ>ὴν ἀσ̣φ̣άλειαν
8πεποίημαι τὴν παροῦσαν ἐγγυητικὴν ἀσφάλειαν μεθʼ ὑπογραφῆς τοῦ ὑπὲρ ἐμοῦ ὑπογράφοντος
9καὶ τῶν ἑξῆς μα̣ρτυρούντων κα̣ὶ περωτηθε̣ὶ̣ς̣ 18 l. <ἐ>περωτηθεὶς ὁ̣μολογ 19 l. ὡμολόγ(ησα). † Φλαύιος Πραιπόσιτος υἱὸς Θεοδόρου στρατιώτης ἀριθμοῦ
10Συήνης μαρ̣τυρῶ. † διʼ ἐμοῦ Δίου Παπ̣ν̣ουθίου ἐγράφη. ἐ̣γ̣ράφη μηνὶ Μεσορὴ κγ ἰνδικτίονος ε.

1 corr. ex συη
2 l. ναύτῃ
3 l. ὥστε
4 l. παρασκευάσαι
5 l. δικαστῇ
6 l. ὥστε
7 l. ἀκροᾶσθαι
8 l. τοῖς
9 l. ὁρισθησομένοις
10 l. στέρξειαν
11 l. ἐμμείνειαν
12 l. τοῖς
13 l. κριτηρίοις
14 l. τὸν
15 l. ἐγγυητὴν
16 l. τρία
17 l. <σ>ὴν
18 l. <ἐ>περωτηθεὶς
19 l. ὡμολόγ(ησα)
1ἐγγυητικ ἀ̣σφάλεια γεναμένη Ἰακὼβ vac. ? υ̣ἱ̣ὸς Ἄπα Δίου ναύτης ἀπὸ Συήνης. †̣
1☧ Aurelius Iakob son of Apa Dios, boatman from Syene, † to Flavius Pathermouthios
2son of Menas, soldier of the regiment of Philae, boatman from the same Syene, greetings. I , the aforesaid, acknowledge
3that I am acting as guarantor and answering for Psano and Sanmoou,
4to cause them to appear for arbitration before the most esteemed Markos, the most learned judge,
5so that they listen to and embrace and abide by what will be determined. But if they should not embrace
6and abide by the judgments, I acknowledge that I, the guarantor, am to provide, because of the violation,
7gold, three solidi in the weight of Syene for each violation. And for your security,
8I have made the present guarantee security, with the signature of the one signing on my behalf
9and of those bearing witness below. And having been questioned, I have expressed acknowledgment †. (hand 2) ☧ I, Flavius Praepositos son of Theodoros, soldier of the regiment
10of Syene, bear witness †. (hand 3) Written by me, Dios son of Papnouthios. Written on the 23rd of the month of Mesore in the 5th indiction.
1(1st hand?) † Guarantee security made by Iakob son of Apa Dios, boatman from Syene †.
Reserved Copyright
Reserved Copyright
Places (read out from edition)
  • Συήνης (places.xml#8)
  • Φιλῶν (places.xml#15)
  • Συήνης (places.xml#8)
  • Συήνης (places.xml#8)
  • Συήνης (places.xml#8)
  • Ἰακὼβ vac. ? υ̣ἱ̣ὸς Ἄπα Δίου (places.xml#p30620)
  • Συήνης (places.xml#8)

    People mentioned in Text

    ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
    8090 not applicable (no further persons mentioned) (no further persons mentỈoned) (none)



    RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
    Mesore 23 586 August 16 CE date in text: indiction 5;



    Reserved Copyright
    Reserved Copyright




    DatasetID 310333
    last Change 29.07.2022
    Trismegistos 19747
    Papyri.info ddbdp/p.lond;5;1732
    Author Ruth Duttenhöfer
    Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
    (CC BY-NC-SA)
    Data set citation Data set 310333 (= Pap. London, British Library Pap 1791), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: Ruth Duttenhöfer.