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Pap. Cairo, Cairo University P. 1690

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_311065.tei.xml



Inventory Number Pap. Cairo, Cairo University P. 1690
Publication Number TAD A.2.1
Current Location museum collection other than Berlin
Publication Status published

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Hermopolis Magna () [Trismegistos]


Object Type papyrus
Range of Preservation complete

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object recto/verso
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
Range of Preservation (Text) complete
Script, Primary Aramaic, Imperial
Language, Primary Aramaic, Imperial
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines 10 5
Quantity of Columns 1 1
Height of Line / Letter


Text Content

Modern Title Letter
Text Types
  • documentary | letter
Summary of Content Letter re: garments and oil written from Hermopolis to Syene, with greetings to the Temples of Bethel and the Queen of Heaven. parcel of family letters discovered at Hermopolis
Location of Composition Hermopolis Magna Egypt (Certainty: high)
Comments on Text Of this parcel of seven family letters, six were addressed by three individuals to members of their family at Syene and Luxor. Four letters were sent to Syene, all of which send greetings to temples in Syene (the temples of Bethel and the Queen of Heaven, Banit, and Nabu). All six letters were written by the same scribe, probably from the same papyrus roll, one after another in the order arranged in TAD2.1-2.6.
Multilingualism Monolingual Script = Language
Gender Woman Man
Comment on Gender letter addressed to a sister from brother; greetings sent to mother as well as father.



Transcription Translation Pictures
1שלמ בית בתאל ובית מלכת שמין אל אחתי נניחמ
2מנ אחכי נבושה ברכתכי לפתח זי יחוני אפיכ בשלמ
3שלמ ביתאלנתנ שלמ נכי ועשה ותשי וענתי ואטי ורע
4וכעת מטתני כתנה זי אושרתי לי ואשכחתה שנטת כלה
5ולבבי לה דבק לה הנ חזית מה אתרתנ אתננה בתקבה
61 לאטי וכעת כתנה זי התתי לי סונ הי מלבש
7אנה וכעת תקמ יתו לנ ונתנהי במשח וכעת אל
8תצפי לנ לי ולמכבנת לכנ אנחנ יצפנ אזדהרי
9בביתאלנתנ מנ חבב וכעת אנ אשכחת אש מהימנ
10אתה לכנ מדעמ שלמ שבתי בר שוג שלמ פסי
vso1שלמ עדר בר פסי שלמ שאל בר פטחרטיס ואשה
vso2בר פטחנמ שלמ סחתה כלה לשלמכנ שלחת ספרה
vso3זנה שלמ אבי פסמי מנ עבדכ נבושה שלמ אמי
vso4ממה ושלמ אחי בתי ואנשתה שלמ וחפרע
vso5אלנניחמ מנ נבושזב בר פטחנמ סונ
1Greetings to the Temple of Bethel and the Temple of the Queen of Heaven. To my sister Nanaiḥem
2from your brother Nabusha. I have blessed you by Ptaḥ that he may let me behold your face in peace.
3Greetings to Bethelnathan. Greetings to Nky and Ashah and Tashi and Anathi and Ati and Re(ia).
4And now, the tunic which you sent me has reached me and I have found it completely frayed
5and my heart is not attached to it. If I saw what you had in abundance, I would give it in exchange for
61 vessel for Ati. And now, the garment which you brought for me to Syene - it
7I am wearing. And now, let them bring us castor oil and we shall give it in exchange for oil. And now, do not
8be concerned about us, me and Makkibanit; we are concerned about you. Take care of
9Bethelnathan from Ḥabib. And now, if I find a trustworthy man,
10I shall bring something to you. Greetings to Shabbethai son of Shug. Greetings to Pasai.
vso1Greetings to Eder son of Pasai. Greetings to Shail son of Peteḥortais and Ashah
vso2son of Petekhnum. Greetings to the whole neighborhood. I have sent this letter to inquire about your welfare.
vso3Greetings to my father Psami from your servant Nabusha. Greetings to my mother
vso4Mama. Greetings to my brother Bitia and his household. Greetings to Waḥpre.
vso5To Nanaiḥem from Nabushezib son of Petekhnum. To Syene.
Places (read out from edition)
  • סונ (places.xml#s8)
  • סונ (places.xml#s8)

    People mentioned in Text

    ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
    14935 Anathi ענתי Aramaic, Imperial



    RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
    -524 BCE -475 BCE ;




    DatasetID 311065
    last Change 29.07.2022
    Trismegistos 89381
    Author Lisa Cleath, Verena Lepper
    Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
    (CC BY-NC-SA)
    Data set citation Data set 311065 (= Pap. Cairo, Cairo University P. 1690), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: Lisa Cleath, Verena Lepper.