Home Project Search Objects Places Persons & Deities  

Search in Objects

(submit with enter)


Pap. Cairo, Cairo University P. 1689

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_311068.tei.xml



Inventory Number Pap. Cairo, Cairo University P. 1689
Publication Number TAD A.2.4
Current Location museum collection other than Berlin
Publication Status published

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Hermopolis Magna () [Trismegistos]


Object Type papyrus
Range of Preservation complete

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object recto/verso
Text-Localization, Addendum address at the bottom of the verso is rotated 180 degrees relative to the rest of the text on the verso
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
Range of Preservation (Text) complete
Script, Primary Aramaic, Imperial
Language, Primary Aramaic, Imperial
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines 8 6
Quantity of Columns 1 1
Height of Line / Letter


Text Content

Modern Title Letter
Text Types
  • documentary | letter
Summary of Content Letter re: Skins, Beams, and Oil. Parcel of family letters discovered at Hermopolis
Location of Composition Hermopolis Magna Egypt (Certainty: high)
Comments on Text Of this parcel of seven family letters, six were addressed by three individuals to members of their family at Syene and Luxor. Four letters were sent to Syene, all of which send greetings to temples in Syene (the temples of Bethel and the Queen of Heaven, Banit, and Nabu). All six letters were written by the same scribe, probably from the same papyrus roll, one after another in the order arranged in TAD2.1-2.6.
Multilingualism Monolingual Script = Language
Gender Man Woman
Comment on Gender greetings to mother, who also is to receive products in the transaction described



Transcription Translation Pictures
1שלמ בית בנת בסונ על מראי פסמי עבדכ מכבנת ברכתכ
2לפתח זי יחזני אפיכ בשלמ שלמ אמי ממה שלמ
3אחי בתי ואנשתה ובנוהי שלמ רעיה אל תצפ לחרוצ
4לה שבק אנה לה 1 כדי מטאה ידי וכעת עבד אנה לה
5אל אחי וחפרע מנ אחכ מכבנת שלמ וחינ שלחת לכ וכעת
6הנ מטאכ סרחלצה שלח לי ביד עקבה בר וחפרע
7וכעת כל זי תצבה שלח ליהושר לי משכנ
8מסת לבש משכ 1
vso1והוי לקח שערנ מנ תשי ויהב בגשרנ
vso2ושבק כל גשר זי תשכח לממה זבנת חטבת ומשח
vso3בשמ למתיה לכנ ולה אשכחת אש למיתית לכנ וכעת
vso4תקמ יתו לי חפננ 3 + 2 אל תצפו לי לכנ אנה יצפ
vso5לשלמכנ שלחת לספרה זנה
vso6אלאבי פסמי מנ מכבנת בר פסמי סוניבל
1Greetings to the Temple of Banit in Syene. To my lord Psami, your servant Makkibanit. I have blessed you
2by Ptaḥ that he my show me your face in peace. Greetings to my mother Mama. Greetings to
3my brother Bitia and his household and his children. Greetings to Reia. Do not be concerned about Ḥarudj.
4As much as I am able, I am not leaving him alone. And now, I am providing for him.
5To my brother Waḥpre from your brother Makkibanit. I have sent you blessings of welfare and life. And now,
6if the srḥlsh has reached you, send word to me through Akbah son of Waḥpre.
7And now, whatever you desire, send word to me. Dispatch to me skins
8enough for 1 leather garment.
vso1And do take barley from Tashi and give it in exchange for beams
vso2and leave with Mama every beam which you find. I have bought striped cloth and
vso3scented oil to bring to you but have not found a man to bring them to you. And now,
vso4let them bring me 5 handfuls of castor oil. Do not be concerned about me; I am concerned about you.
vso5I have sent this letter to inquire about your welfare.
vso6To my father Psami from Makkibanit son of Psami. To be delivered to Syene.
Places (read out from edition)
  • סונ (places.xml#s8)
  • סונ (places.xml#s8)

    People mentioned in Text

    ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
    9850 Akbah son of Waḥpre עקבה



    RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
    -524 BCE -475 BCE ;




    DatasetID 311068
    last Change 29.07.2022
    Trismegistos 89387
    Author Lisa Cleath
    Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
    (CC BY-NC-SA)
    Data set citation Data set 311068 (= Pap. Cairo, Cairo University P. 1689), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: Lisa Cleath.