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Ostr. Elephantine, excavation DAIK O 3333

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_311263.tei.xml



Collection Elephantine, excavation Deutsches Archäologisches Institut Kairo
Inventory Number Ostr. Elephantine, excavation DAIK O 3333
Publication Number P.AbdalLatīf Ostraca. 4
Current Location Elephantine, excavation magazine DAI
Publication Permission Status no permission for publication necessary
Publication Status published

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Elephantine (Ꜣbw; Yb; YbꜢ; YbꜤ; Ἐλεφαντίνη, יב , ⲉⲓⲏⲃ) [Trismegistos]
Certainty: high
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery archaeological excavation
Certainty: high
Finder (= First Purchaser) Excavation team Elephantine, German Archaeological Institute Cairo and Swiss Institute for Architectural and Archaeological Research on Ancient Egypt
Certainty: high
Location of Find / Purchase in Egypt Elephantine
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Acquisition for the Intitution excavation finds
Date of Acquisition for the Intitution between 1969 and 2014
Buyer (Currently Housing Institution) Rubensohn, Otto / Zucker, Friedrich (excavation directors)
Certainty: high


Object Type ostracon
Dating of Object The 1st-3rd AH/ 7th-9th CE centuries
Dating between 641 and 912
Criteria for Dating According to ʿAbd al-Latīf.
Range of Preservation incomplete
State of Preservation Broken on all sides.
Comments on Object Dimensions not available.

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object concave (inside)
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
State of Preservation (Text) Ink is faded in some places. Unknown amount of text is missing due to the fragmentary nature of the piece.
Script, Primary Arabic
Language, Primary Arabic
Comments on Handwriting Not a very neat handwriting, probably a not very practiced hand. Dots and vowels aren't used.
Comments on Text Layout The text covers nearly the entire (preserved) ostracon
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines 5
Quantity of Columns 1
Height of Line / Letter


Text Content

Modern Title Private letter about hiring of some persons
Ancient Author of Text (Unknown [not mentioned in text])
Ancient Scribe(s) of Text
Text Types
  • documentary | letter
Summary of Content Part of a private letter, about hiring people to do a job.
Location of Composition Elephantine Upper Egypt, 1st nome Egypt (Certainty: high)
Comments on Text No dots or vowels are used. In line four, ʿAbdal-Latīf read the name abū Rāmwdh, but I think this name is b. Marqūra. The amount of rent is missing in the third line.
Multilingualism Monolingual Script = Language
Gender Man
Religion unknown



Transcription Translation Pictures
1 مصر
2‮‬‬‬‬ لكم احد غيره
3‮‬‬‬‬ نفر واحد بمبلغ
4‮‬‬‬‬وان مرقورة منهما
5ومــــنهم موسى
1[///] Egypt/ insist [///]
2[///] to you someone el[se] [///]
3[///] one person for the amount [///]
4[///] and Marqūra is one of them [///]
5[///] [and of t]hem Musā [///]
Reserved Copyright
Places (read out from edition)
  • مصر (places.xml#130)

    People mentioned in Text

    ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
    15790 man b. Marqūra ابن مرقوره Egyptian



    RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
    Arabic Period 21 AH 641 CE 912 CE According to ʿAbd al-Latīf, the date of this text can be placed in the 1st-3rd AH / 7th–9th CE centuries.;



    Reserved Copyright




    DatasetID 311263
    last Change 29.07.2022
    Author Ahmed Kamal
    Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
    (CC BY-NC-SA)
    Data set citation Data set 311263 (= Ostr. Elephantine, excavation DAIK O 3333), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: Ahmed Kamal.