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Ostr. Paris, AIBL CIS, Clermont-Ganneau no. 70

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_312954.tei.xml



Inventory Number Ostr. Paris, AIBL CIS, Clermont-Ganneau no. 70
Publication Number Mémoires 35 no. 070; TAD D.7.21.
Current Location Paris, Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres
Publication Permission Status no permission for publication necessary
Publication Status published

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Elephantine (Ꜣbw; Yb; YbꜢ; YbꜤ; Ἐλεφαντίνη, יב , ⲉⲓⲏⲃ) [Trismegistos]
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery archaeological excavation
Finder (= First Purchaser) Clermont-Ganneau, Charles
Location of Find / Purchase in Egypt Elephantine
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]


Object Type ostracon
Range of Preservation complete
Mounting (unknown)
Comments on Object Mesurements and remarks from publication. Lozachmeur: cv: 10YR6/2-3-4 and 7/3 ; cc: 2.5YR6/4 and 5YR6/4 ; edge: 5YR6/6.

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object concave/convex (inside/outside)
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
Range of Preservation (Text) complete
Script, Primary Aramaic, Imperial
Language, Primary Aramaic, Imperial
Comments on Handwriting Lozachmeur hand Id / Ic.
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines 4 2
Height of Line / Letter


Text Content

Modern Title Inscription on Sherd
Ancient Author of Text Gaddul
Ancient Scribe(s) of Text
Text Types
  • documentary | letter
Summary of Content Gaddul reports his blessings to Yaho and Khnum for Micaiah. Requests Micaiah's garment for repair.
Multilingualism Script = Language Monolingual
Gender Man
Comment on Gender Because Gaddul, a Judean/Aramean, appears to worship both Yaho and Khnum, this text is often used to argue for Judean-Egyptian religious syncretism on Elephantine. The implication is that this is a copy or draft of Gaddul's own letter since it was found on the island. The locaton of this Micaiah is unknown.
Religion Polytheism (Egyptian)
Religion, further Judaism



Transcription Translation Pictures
1אל מרי מיכיה עבדכ
2גדל שלמ וחינ שלחת
3לכ ברכתכ ליהה ולחנ ומ מ
4כענ שלחלי לבשא
1זי עליכ ו י א חטנה
2לשלמכ שלחת ספרא
1To my lord, Micaiah, your servant
2Gaddul. Peace and life I have sent
3to you. I have blessed you to Yaho and to Khnum
4Now, send to me the garment
1which is on you, and I shall sew it.
2For your welfare, I have sent th(is) document.

Places (read out from edition)


People mentioned in Text

ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
19895 man Gaddul גדל Aramaic, Imperial



RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
-525 BCE -399 BCE ;







DatasetID 312954
last Change 29.07.2022
Author James D. Moore (collated from picture and reedited), Emil Joubert (metadata)
Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
Data set citation Data set 312954 (= Ostr. Paris, AIBL CIS, Clermont-Ganneau no. 70), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: James D. Moore (collated from picture and reedited), Emil Joubert (metadata) .