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Ostr. Elephantine, excavation DAIK O 2990

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Collection Elephantine, excavation Deutsches Archäologisches Institut Kairo
Inventory Number Ostr. Elephantine, excavation DAIK O 2990
Publication Number ined.
Current Location magazine Assuan
Publication Permission Status permission for publication assigned
Publication Status unpublished

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Elephantine (Ꜣbw; Yb; YbꜢ; YbꜤ; Ἐλεφαντίνη, יב , ⲉⲓⲏⲃ) [Trismegistos]
Certainty: high
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery archaeological excavation
Certainty: high
Finder (= First Purchaser) Excavation team Elephantine, German Archaeological Institute Cairo and Swiss Institute for Architectural and Archaeological Research on Ancient Egypt
Certainty: high
Location of Find / Purchase in Egypt Elephantine
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]


Object Type ostracon
Dating between 70 and
Criteria for Dating date in text
Range of Preservation incomplete

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object convex (outside)
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
Range of Preservation (Text) complete
Script, Primary Greek
Language, Primary Greek, Ancient
Comments on Handwriting scribe Pelaias, son of Ammonios
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines 7
Quantity of Columns 1


Text Content

Modern Title Receipt for poll tax ( laographia)
Ancient Archives (Uncertain)
Ancient Scribe(s) of Text
Text Types
  • documentary
  • documentary | receipt | tax receipt
Summary of Content Receipt for poll tax of year 2 of Vespasian, with signature of Pelaias, son of Ammonios, 16 dr.
Location of Composition Elephantine Upper Egypt, 1st nome Egypt (Certainty: high)
Multilingualism Monolingual Script = Language
Gender Man
Religion unknown



Transcription Translation Pictures
1διαγεγράφηκεν Πακε̣λλοῦς̣
2Παχνούβ̣εος 1l. Παχνούβεως ὑπὲρ λαογρα-
3φίας β (ἔτους) Αὐτοκράτορος
4Οὐεσπασιανοῦ Μεσορὴι 2l. Μεσορη
5ἀργυρίου δραχμὰς δεκαέξ,
6(γίνονται) (δραχμαὶ) ιϛ. Πελαίας Ἀμ-
7μωνίου ἔγραψε.

1 l. Παχνούβεως
2 l. Μεσορη
1Thus has paid Pakellous,
2son of Pachnoubis, for poll
3tax of year 2 of Imperator
4Vespasian, Mesore,
5silver drachmas sixteen,
6= 16 dr. Pelaias, son of
7Ammonios, I have written.
Reserved Copyright
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Places (read out from edition)


People mentioned in Text

ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
38790 man Pakellous, son of Pachnoubis Πακε̣λλοῦς̣ Παχνούβ̣εος pre-Coptic Egyptian / Greek



RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
Vespasian 02 Mesore 70 July 25 CE 70 August 23 CE date in text;



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Reserved Copyright



previousely unpublished


DatasetID 315955
last Change 29.07.2022
Author Ruth Duttenhöfer; Julia Puglisi (metadata)
Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
Data set citation Data set 315955 (= Ostr. Elephantine, excavation DAIK O 2990), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: Ruth Duttenhöfer; Julia Puglisi (metadata).