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Ostr. Berlin P. 14803

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_400003.tei.xml



Collection Berlin, Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, SPK (P)
Inventory Number Ostr. Berlin P. 14803
Publication Number Hintze 1977, Nr.1
Current Location magazine | ostraca depository
Comments on Inventory 2014 available
Publication Permission Status (unknown)
Publication Status published

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Elephantine (Ꜣbw; Yb; YbꜢ; YbꜤ; Ἐλεφαντίνη, יב , ⲉⲓⲏⲃ) [Trismegistos]
Certainty: high
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery archaeological excavation
Certainty: high
Finder (= First Purchaser) Rubensohn, Otto (excavation director)
Certainty: high
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]


Object Type ostracon
Color pottery, light red
Size (Height | Width | Thickness) 130 mm | 135 mm | 8 mm
Dating between 395 and 900
Range of Preservation complete
Comments on Object Fragment of a slightly ribbed, thin-walled jar of red pottery

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object two-sided
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
Range of Preservation (Text) complete
State of Preservation (Text) The text is well visible despite surface chips and smaller damages, stains.
Script, Primary Coptic Half-uncial
Language, Primary Coptic
Comments on Handwriting A rather clumsy handwriting with some ligatures.
Comments on Text Layout 12 lines are on the convex side and the continuation of the text, 3 lines, on the concave
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines 12 3
Quantity of Columns 1 1
Line Lenght (in mm) 125 130
Column Height (in mm) 120 20
Height of Line / Letter


Text Content

Ancient Author of Text Valentinus, son of Johannes
Ancient Scribe(s) of Text
Text Types
  • documentary
  • documentary | dept instrument
Summary of Content A debt acknowledgement about 9 carats of gold, the scribe and witness of the document, Papas, is on the concave side.
Location of Composition Elephantine Upper Egypt, 1st nome Egypt (Certainty: high)
Comments on Text The document was written and witnessed by Papas, the deacon. The debtor is Valentinus, he commisioned the document. Judging from the handwriting this Papas is probably not identical with Papas, writer of P.10824. The addressee is Paham, son of Abraham also in P. 14782 and P. 14781.
Multilingualism Monolingual Script = Language
Gender Man



Transcription Translation Pictures
1ϯ ⲁⲛⲟⲕ
2ⲟⲩⲁⲗⲉⲛⲧⲓⲛⲟⲥ ⲓ̈ⲱⲁⲛⲛⲛⲉ ⲡⲣⲙⲉⲓⲏⲃ
3ⲉϥⲥⲁϩ ⲛ︦ⲡⲁϩⲁⲙ ⲁⲃⲣⲁⲙ
4ⲡⲙⲁⲧⲁⲓ̈ ⲛ︦ⲡⲁⲣⲓⲑⲓⲟⲥ ⲛ︦ⲉⲓⲏⲃ
5ϫⲉ ϯϩⲟⲙⲟⲗⲓⲅⲓ ⲁⲩⲱ ϯⲭⲣⲱⲥⲧⲓ
6ⲛⲁⲕ ⳡⲓⲥⲧⲉ ⲛ︦ⲕⲁⲣⲁ ⲛ︦ⲛⲟⲩⲃ ⲛⲁⲣ
7ⲅⲓⲛⲉⲧⲉⲓ ⲁⲣⲓⲑⲙⲓⲁ ⲕ,ⲁ,ⲕⲉⲣⲁⲧⲓⲁ ⲑ ⲛⲁⲓ ⲧⲉⲛⲟⲩ ⲉⲡⲛⲟⲩⲧⲉ
8ⲧⲁⲁⲩ ⲛⲁⲕ ⲛⲁⲩ ⲛⲓⲙ ⲉⲓⲕⲁⲛ ϣⲛⲉ
9ⲛⲥⲟⲟⲩ ⲧⲁⲁⲩ ⲛⲁⲕ ⲁϫⲛ︦ ⲗⲁⲁⲩ
10ⲛ︦ϩⲱⲃ ⲛϣⲁϫⲉ
11ϩⲏⲙⲉⲣⲁ ⲡⲁⲣ
12ⲙⲁⲧ ⲑ
1ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲡⲁⲡⲁⲥ ⲇⲓⲁⲕ ⲡⲉⲗⲁⲭⲓⲥⲡⲉⲗⲁⲭⲓⲥⲧⲟⲥ
2ϯ ⲙⲁⲣⲧⲏⲣⲟⲥ ⲁⲩⲱ ⲁⲓⲥⲁϩ
2Valentinus (son of) Johannes, man of Elephantine
3writing to Paham (son of) Abraham,
4the soldier of the battalion of Elephantine
5that I acknowledge and I owe
6you nine carats of gold in denomination,
7that is nine carats. Now, these - by God -
8I give you anytime you ask
9for them to give them back to you, without any
10(disputing) words.
11(To)day Phar
12moute the ninth.
1I, Papas the deacon, the most humble,
2am witness and have written
3this ostracon.
Places (read out from edition)


People mentioned in Text

ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
2520 man Paham, son of Abraham ⲡⲁϩⲁⲙ ⲁⲃⲣⲁϩⲁⲙ Coptic



RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
Pharmuthi 09 500 CE 650 CE ;







DatasetID 400003
last Change 29.07.2022
Trismegistos 87769
Author Matthias Müller; Andrea Hasznos; Daniel Werning
Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
Data set citation Data set 400003 (= Ostr. Berlin P. 14803), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: Matthias Müller; Andrea Hasznos; Daniel Werning.