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Pap. Berlin P. 9010

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_400008.tei.xml



Collection Berlin, Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, SPK (P)
Inventory Number Pap. Berlin P. 9010
Current Location magazine | papyrus depository
Publication Permission Status permission for publication upon enquiry only
Publication Status published

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Elephantine (Ꜣbw; Yb; YbꜢ; YbꜤ; Ἐλεφαντίνη, יב , ⲉⲓⲏⲃ) [Trismegistos]
Certainty: high
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery purchase
Certainty: high
Finder (= First Purchaser) (unknown)
Certainty: high
Location of Find / Purchase in Egypt Luxor
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Acquisition for the Intitution purchase
Date of Acquisition for the Intitution between 1896 and 1896
Transferor (Seller, Previous Owner) (unknown)
Certainty: high
Buyer (Currently Housing Institution) Borchardt, Ludwig
Certainty: high


Object Type papyrus
Color papyrus, dark
Range of Preservation incomplete
State of Preservation The papyrus is broken horizontally into two large fragments with direct joins. The upper and left margins are complete; the lower margin is only slightly damaged. The right margin, however, is very fragmentary and a papyrus piece of unknown width is lost. There are three more fragments which cannot join, but their positioning to the right of the rest is clear.
Mounting framed between glass

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object recto
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
Range of Preservation (Text) incomplete
State of Preservation (Text) The first column is heavily damaged and only ink traces are visible. The damage of the ends of the other columns is practically negligible. It is likely that only parts of the first column are lost.
Script, Primary Old Hieratic
Language, Primary Old Egyptian
Comments on Handwriting "ausgeprägte, großzügig geschriebene althieratische Kanzleischrift" (According to: Fischer-Elfert, 55)
Comments on Text Layout The text is composed in vertical lines (columns). The space between the columns and the width of the quadrats are irregular. Twice in column 3, the scribe did not write two words consecutively in the vertical line of text but rather next to one another horizontally.
  recto verso
Quantity of Columns 8
Line Distance 220x290


Text Content

Ancient Title Legal dispute about property and estate
Ancient Archives private archive | family archive of nomarchs
Ancient Scribe(s) of Text
Text Types
  • documentary | legal document
Summary of Content The deceased Weser had appointed a man named Sobek-hetepu to be the property administrator of his estate. This authorization was mentioned in a document whose authenticity was disputed by Weser’s son Tjau. The court obligated Sobek-hetepu to bring three witnesses to confirm this matter by oath or else his claims would expire.
Location of Composition Elephantine Upper Egypt, 1st nome Egypt (Certainty: medium)
Multilingualism Monolingual Script = Language
Gender Man
Religion Polytheism (Egyptian)



Transcription Translation Pictures
ISbk-ḥtp.w pn jm.j-rꜣ-jꜥꜣ.w Wsr
IIḥm.t=f ẖrd.w=f jš.t=f nb m ẖnw=f r shr.t ẖrd.w
IIIn.w Wsr pn jm jrı͗ ꜥꜣ r ꜥꜣꜣ=f jrı͗ šrj r šrr=f ḏd.n Ṯꜣw pn jwt-sp
IVjrı͗ sw j tf=f m bw nb jr jnı͗ Sbk-ḥtp.w pn jr.w 3 jqr.w n.w nḫt ḥr=sn
IVjrı͗.t=sn bꜣ.w=k r=f nṯr mj n.tt jrı͗.n=t w js sẖꜣ.w pn ḥft ḏd.w Wsr pn jm
VIwnn m ẖnw Sbk-ḥtp.w pn jnı͗.n=f jr.w 3 pn n.w ḏd mdw.t tn r-gs=sn
VII j sk Sbk-ḥtp.w pn m wnm n sbn=f jr nfr-n jnn=f jr.w 3 ḏd.w mdw.t tn
VIIIr-gs=sn n mn j ḫ.t nb .t jm=f n.t Wsr pn j:mn m sꜣ=f šps-nswt jm.j-rꜣ-jꜥꜣ.w Ṯꜣw
IThis [Sobek]-hetepu [///] overseer of foreign mercenaries Weser [///]
IIhis wife, his children and all [his] property in his home to satisfy the children
IIIof this Weser there by threating the great one [according to] (the fact) that he is great (and) by threating the little one [according to] (the fact) that he is little. This Tjau said that
IVhis father had nowhere made it. If this Sobek-hetepu can bring three reliable eye witnesses who may be trusted
V(and if) they make (the oath): "May your Ba-power be against him - oh god!" to the effect that this document was indeed made in accordance with the words of th[is] Weser-[there].
VI(It) shall be in his – (namely) Sobek-hetepu’s – home after he has brought these three eye witnesses in whose presence this speech was to be said.
VIIThis Sobek-hetepu eats without damaging. If he does not bring the three eye witnesses in whose presence this utterance was made,
VIIIno one thing of this User shall remain with him; <it> shall remain with his son, noble of the king and overseer of foreign mercenaries, Tjau.

Reserved Copyright
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Reserved Copyright
Places (read out from edition)


People mentioned in Text

ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
11470 man Sobek-hetepu Sbk-ḥtp.w (none)



RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
06th dynasty -2707 BCE -2170 BCE palaeographical dating;



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DatasetID 400008
last Change 29.07.2022
Author Martina Grünhagen; Matthias Müller; Verena Lepper; Daniela C. Härtel
Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
Data set citation Data set 400008 (= Pap. Berlin P. 9010), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: Martina Grünhagen; Matthias Müller; Verena Lepper; Daniela C. Härtel.