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Pap. Berlin P. 21738

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_004799.tei.xml



Collection Berlin, Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, SPK (P)
Inventory Number Pap. Berlin P. 21738
Publication Number BGU XIV 2418 = SB 14, 11855
Current Location magazine
Publication Permission Status (unknown)
Publication Status published

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Elephantine (Ꜣbw; Yb; YbꜢ; YbꜤ; Ἐλεφαντίνη, יב , ⲉⲓⲏⲃ) [Trismegistos]
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery archaeological excavation
Date of Discovery
Term. Ante / Post Quem Non
between 1 11 1907 and 1 11 1907
Finder (= First Purchaser) Zucker, Friedrich (excavation director)
Location of Find / Purchase in Egypt Elephantine
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Acquisition for the Intitution partage
Date of Acquisition for the Intitution between 1907 and 1907


Object Type papyrus | sheet
Size (Height | Width | Thickness) 205 mm | 108 mm | mm
Dating between -125 and -100
Criteria for Dating palaeography
Range of Preservation incomplete
State of Preservation broken at top

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object recto
Script-Fiber-Relation (for Payri) parallel
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
Range of Preservation (Text) incomplete
State of Preservation (Text) broken at top
Script, Primary Greek
Language, Primary Greek, Ancient
Comments on Handwriting documentary, later ptolemaic cursive, hand unknown
Comments on Text Layout 20 lines, other side uninscribed
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines x+20
Quantity of Columns 1


Text Content

Modern Title Private letter
Ancient Scribe(s) of Text
Text Types
  • documentary
  • documentary | letter
Summary of Content Private letter about the encounter with the god Samanouphis and his kin?
Location of Composition Elephantine Upper Egypt, 1st nome Egypt (Certainty: medium)
Comments on Text ok
Multilingualism Monolingual Script = Language
Gender Man
Religion Syncretism
Comment on Religion encounter with the god Samanouphis



Transcription Translation Pictures
x-- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
x+1τῶι ἀδελφῶι χαίρειν
x+2καὶ ἐρρωμέωι εὐτυχεῖν· χάρ-
x+3τιον ἐπανα̣γνόντες ̣ ̣ ̣-
x+4των των- ca.11 -
x+5τ̣ω̣ν περὶ τῆς σῆς(?) ἀ̣παντή-
x+6σεως τοῦ μεγίστο̣υ̣ θε̣ο̣ῦ̣
x+7Σαμανούφιος καὶ τῆς τοῦ
x+8συγγενοῦς μεγάλως ἐχάρη-
x+9μεν καὶ ἀπευχαριστήσα-
x+10μεν τοῖς ἐνταῦθα θεοῖς·
x+11χαρίζοιο δʼ ἂν μάλιστα
x+12τοῦ σώματος ἐπιμελό-
x+13μενος ἵνʼ ὑγιαίνοντα σὲ ἀσπασώ-
x+14μεθα· ἔρρωνται οἱ ἐν οἴκωι
x+15πάντες καὶ οἱ παρʼ ἡμῶν·
x+16ἐπισκοποῦ δὲ καὶ Πετενεφώ-
x+17την καὶ Τοτοῆν καὶ Ψενιμο̣ύ̣θην
x+18καὶ Παῶν καὶ Ὀννῶφριν
x+19καὶ τοὺς ἄλλους·
x+20ἔρρωσο (ἔτους) η Παχὼν κ̅α̅
x- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
x+1to his brother, [sends greetings]
x+2[and hopes] that he fares well.
x+3When we read the letter ---
x+5about your encounter
x+6with the greatest god
x+7Samanouphis and his
x+8kin, we greately rejoiced
x+9and we returned thanks
x+10to the gods here.
x+11You would do us a great favour
x+12by taking care of your body
x+13so that we may greet you in good health.
x+14The family members are all well
x+15and also those with us.
x+16Watch over Petenepho-
x+17tes and Totoes and Psenimouthes
x+18and Paos and Onnophris
x+19and the others.
x+20Farewell. Year 8, Pachon 21.
Places (read out from edition)


People mentioned in Text

ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
30545 man Onnophris (letter late ptol) Ὀννῶφριν pre-Coptic Egyptian / Greek



RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
08 Pachons 21 -124 BCE -100 BCE palaeographical dating;




DatasetID 4799
last Change 29.07.2022
Berlpap 04799
Trismegistos 4014 = 18179
Papyri.info ddbdp/bgu;14;2418
Author BerlPap-Team; Daniel Werning; Ruth Duttenhöfer
Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
Data set citation Data set 4799 (= Pap. Berlin P. 21738), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: BerlPap-Team; Daniel Werning; Ruth Duttenhöfer.