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Ostr. Berlin P. 14781

TEI-XML-File: https://p612399.webspaceconfig.de/xml/elephantine_erc_db_800102.tei.xml



Collection Berlin, Ägyptisches Museum und Papyrussammlung, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, SPK (P)
Inventory Number Ostr. Berlin P. 14781
Publication Number Hintze 1977, Nr.7
Current Location magazine
Comments on Inventory 1963 available; 2014 available
Publication Permission Status (unknown)
Publication Status published

Origin / Provenance

Ancient Provenance Site Elephantine (Ꜣbw; Yb; YbꜢ; YbꜤ; Ἐλεφαντίνη, יב , ⲉⲓⲏⲃ) [Trismegistos]
Ancient Provenance District Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]
Type of Discovery archaeological excavation
Finder (= First Purchaser) Rubensohn, Otto (excavation director)
District of Find / Purchase in Egypt Upper Egypt, 1st nome (Ombites) [Trismegistos]


Object Type ostracon
Color pottery, red brown
Size (Height | Width | Thickness) 120 mm | 25 mm | mm
Range of Preservation complete
State of Preservation Outside surface chipped off in some places.

Text Basic Information

Localization of Text on Object concave/convex
Inks and Pigments carbon ink monochrome black
Range of Preservation (Text) complete
State of Preservation (Text) On the concave side a large part of the text is very faded / rubbed off.
Script, Primary Coptic
Language, Primary Coptic
Comments on Handwriting A half-cursive documentary hand woth some ligatures. Not very neat, but a practised hand.
Comments on Text Layout The text begins on the inside (concave) of the piece.
  recto verso
Quantity of Lines 12 9
Quantity of Columns 1 1
Line Lenght (in mm) 105 105
Column Height (in mm) 105 87
Height of Line / Letter


Text Content

Ancient Scribe(s) of Text
Text Types
  • documentary
  • documentary | dept instrument
Summary of Content Debt acknowledgement issued by the Collegium of Priores of Elephantine and the Castron, about 2/3 solidus to Paham, son of Abraham.
Location of Composition Elephantine Upper Egypt, 1st nome Egypt (Certainty: high)
Comments on Text Addressee is Paham, son of Abraham, as in P. 14782 and P. 14803. David (written ⲇⲁⲇ), the deacon is witness. He is the deacon David, son of Mena, as in P.14782, P.14791, P.14793, P.10834. Scribe is however another person, Papnutios. The last line ("written by me NN") is with a Greek formula.
Multilingualism Monolingual Script = Language
Gender Man



Transcription Translation Pictures
1ϯ ⲡⲕⲟⲓⲛⲟⲥ ⲛ︦ⲛ︦ⲡⲣⲱⲧⲟⲓⲥ
2ⲛ︦ⲉⲓⲏⲃ ⲙⲛ︦ⲡⲕⲁⲥⲧⲣⲟⲛ
3ⲧⲏⲣϥ︦ ⲉⲩⲥϩⲁⲓ̈ ⲛ︦ⲡⲁϩⲁⲙ
4ⲁⲃⲣⲁϩⲁⲙ ϫⲉ ⲉⲡⲉⲓⲇⲏ ⲁⲛϫⲓ
5ⲟⲩϩⲟⲗⲟⲕ,ϩⲟⲗⲟⲕⲟⲧⲧⲓⲛⲟⲥ ⲛ︦ⲧⲟⲟⲧⲕ ⲉⲧⲉⲛ
6ⲭⲣⲉⲓⲁ ϯⲛⲟⲩ ⲉⲓⲥ ⲟⲩⲧⲣⲓⲙⲏⲥⲓ
7ⲟⲛ ⲁⲛϣⲟⲡϥ︦ ⲉⲣⲟⲕ ⲛ︦ϩⲏⲧϥ︦
8ϩⲁⲡⲉⲕⲙⲉⲣ,ⲙⲉⲣⲟⲥ ⲛ︦ⲑⲉ ⲛ︦ⲧⲁ
9ⲡⲕⲟⲓⲛⲟⲥ ⲧⲏⲣϥ︦ ⲧⲁⲁϥ
2ⲛ︦ⲛ︦ϩⲟⲙⲟⲓⲣⲟⲥ ϯⲛⲟⲩ ⲧⲛ︦
3ⲭⲣⲉⲱⲥⲧⲉⲓ ⲛⲁⲕ ⲛ︦ⲡⲕ
4ⲥⲛⲁⲩ ⲛ︦ⲧⲣⲓⲙⲏⲥⲓⲛ ⲛ︦ⲧⲛ︦
5ⲁⲡⲟⲗⲟⲅⲓⲍⲉ ⲙ︦ⲙⲟⲟⲩ ⲛⲁⲕ
6ⲛ︦ⲡⲓⲛⲁⲩ ⲉⲧⲕ︦ⲛⲁϫⲛⲟⲛ︦
7ⲉⲣⲟⲟⲩ ⲡⲁⲭⲱⲛ ⲗ ⲓ̈ⲛ

8ⲡⲕⲟⲓⲛⲟⲥ ⲙ︦ⲡⲕⲁⲥⲧⲣⲟⲛ ⲛ︦ⲉⲓⲏⲃ ⲧⲛ︦
9ⲥⲧⲟⲓⲭⲉⲓ ⲉⲡⲉⲓ̈ⲧⲣ,ⲧⲣⲓⲙⲏⲥⲓⲟⲛ ⲃ ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲡⲇⲓⲁⲕ,ⲇⲓⲁⲕⲟⲛⲟⲥ
10ⲇ︦ⲁ︦ⲇ︦ ⲁⲩⲁⲓⲧⲓ ⲙ︦ⲙⲟⲓ
11ϯⲟ ⲙ︦ⲙⲁ
side 1
ϯ ⲇⲓ ⲉⲙ ⲡⲁⲡⲛⲟⲩⲑⲓⲟⲩ ⲉⲅⲣ1This one line is written on the upper edge of the ostracon as both concave and convex side was already fully written.

1 This one line is written on the upper edge of the ostracon as both concave and convex side was already fully written.

1The Collegium of Priores
2of Elephantine and the whole Castron
3write to Paham
4son of Abraham that already we have received
5one solidus from you for our
6need. Now behold one trimesi-
7on you received back from it
8as your part as the
9whole Collegium gave it
1for the expense
2of the poor. Now we
3owe you the further
4two trimesion and we shall
5account for (pay back) them to you
6when you ask for
7them. Pachon 30, indiktion 10
8The Collegium of the Castron of Elephantine we
9agree to these two trimesion. I the deacon
10David (because) they asked me
11am wit-
side 1
Written by me, Papnutios.

Places (read out from edition)
  • ⲉⲓⲏⲃ (places.xml#s3)
  • ⲉⲓⲏⲃ (places.xml#s3)

    People mentioned in Text

    ID gender en normiert original Language Functions in Texts
    2405 man David, son of Mena, deacon + scribe ⲇⲁⲩⲉⲓⲇ ⲙⲏⲛⲁ Coptic



    RulerID Regnal Year MonthID Day Date of the Text Gregorian Date dating_comment
    Pachons 30 500 CE 600 CE historical, social setting, other texts and archives from the area, palaeography; names, military titles, business affairs in the Coptic texts from Elephantine;







    DatasetID 800102
    last Change 29.07.2022
    Author Andrea Hasznos, Daniel Werning
    Dataset License Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
    (CC BY-NC-SA)
    Data set citation Data set 800102 (= Ostr. Berlin P. 14781), ERC-Project ELEPHANTINE: Andrea Hasznos, Daniel Werning.